By Rohan McWilliam
Well known Politics in 19th Century England presents an obtainable creation to the tradition of English renowned politics among 1815 and 1900, the interval from Luddism to the recent Liberalism. this is often a space that has attracted nice old curiosity and has passed through basic revision within the final twenty years. Did the commercial revolution create the operating category flow or was once liberalism (which transcended category divisions) the major mode of political argument? Rohan McWilliam brings this significant debate modern for college kids of 19th Century British heritage. He assesses well known ideology with regards to the kingdom, the kingdom, gender and the character of celebration formation, and divulges a far richer social background rising within the mild of modern historiographical advancements.
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Extra resources for Popular Politics in Nineteenth-Century England (Historical Connections)
By and large, social historians refused to reduce politics to crude economic determinism (although the economic was never left out). Instead, they focused on language, custom, ritual and belief structures. All of these played a role in determining the nature 24 From the old analysis to the new of politics. This was true even of some political historians (often accused of adopting a ‘top down’ approach in contrast to history from below). For example, John Vincent’s work on rank and file Liberalism was a painstaking account of what it meant to be a Liberal in the midVictorian period.
THE STATE The old analysis tended to relate the course of popular politics to changes in the economy. It was assumed that economic depression created a constituency for radicalism whilst economic recovery led to apathy. As William Cobbett remarked: ‘I defy you to agitate a man with a full stomach’. By contrast, in a polity-centred interpretation, the nature of the state helps shape the character of popular politics. 1 The structure of the eighteenth-century state was characterised by decentralisation.
10 For all its diversity, what united the old analysis was the importance of class and its relationship to politics. The exact form of this relationship was much debated. There were divisions over whether class led to class consciousness. This division even existed within Marxism. P. Thompson argued that a distinct workingclass consciousness existed by 1830. Harrison pointed out that the language of class did not completely supersede other forms of social terminology in the first half of the century and that Owenites and radical millenarians ignored it.