By Elizabeth M. Tyler
Traditions are created and maintained by way of teams of individuals dwelling in particular instances and areas: they don't have a lifetime of their very own. during this radical new method of previous English poetics, the writer argues that the plain timelessness and balance of outdated English poetic conference is a remarkable ancient phenomenon that has to be accounted for, now not assumed, and that the perceived conservatism of previous English poetic conventions is the results of selection. Successive generations of poets intentionally maintained the traditionality of previous English poetry, placing it into discussion with modern stipulations to specific critique and dissent in addition to nostalgia. the writer makes specific use of the wealthy language of treasure to be present in Anglo-Saxon verse to historicise her argument, yet her argument has extensive implications for the way we technique the function of culture within the poetry of prior societies. Dr ELIZABETH TYLER teaches within the division of English and the Centre for Medieval reviews, collage of York.
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Additional info for Old English Poetics: The Aesthetics of the Familiar in Anglo-Saxon England
See for examples: Ex 586, Rid55 13, Beo 36, 41, 1027, 1482, 2166, 2640, 2865, Jud 318, 329, 340, WldA 24. 27 See for examples: Rid55 13, Beo 1027, 1902, 2865, Jud 329. 29 Of the words considered in this chapter, only sinc is given anywhere near as often as maðm. The great bulk of this treasure is given to bind a king and followers together, but Judith receives plundered Assyrian maðm from her followers and women give maðmas in the hall. 30 Most of the treasures designated as maðm in these contexts are associated with transience or are otherwise morally condemned, as it is in the Seafarer: Þeah þe græf wille golde stregan broþor his geborenum, byrgan be deadum, maþmum mislicum þæt hine mid wille, ne mæg þære sawle þe biþ synna ful gold to geoce for godes egsan, þonne he hit ær hydeð þenden he her leofað.
See for examples: And 172, ChrIII 1047, 1055, Wan 14, Rid42 11, HmFgII 3. 2, Ps50 28, 151. 46 Gestreon The word gestreon or its compounds appears sixty-five times across the corpus of Old English verse. Gestreon is a general word for acquired wealth or possessions which is frequently applied to treasure. Gestreon appears nineteen times as a simplex, one time without the prefix ge and most often, forty-five times, as compound where it is always the second or determining element. Like hord, gestreon is a collective noun; there are no instances where it clearly denotes a single object.
19 Old English Poetics swa ðeah mid ðam fyre fornumene’ (gold and silver and precious stones are tested in fire. 13 The charter recording Leofric’s donation to Exeter Cathedral includes ‘butan oðrum litlum silfrenum swurrodum. V. silfrene caliceas. I. silfren pipe. I. silfren storcylle mid silfrenum storsticcan’ (in addition to other little silver crosses worn on the neck. and five silver chalices. and one silver pipe. 15 Anglo-Latin verse shares with Old English verse a love of lavish descriptions of treasure but does not eschew reference to silver.