Download Ockham on Concepts (Ashgate Studies in Medieval Philosophy) by Claude Panaccio PDF

By Claude Panaccio

William of Ockham (c. 1287-1347) is understood to be one of many significant figures of the past due heart a while. The scope and value of his doctrine of human concept, even if, has been a debatable factor between students within the final decade, and this publication offers an entire dialogue of contemporary advancements. Claude Panaccio proposes a richly documented and fully unique reinterpretation of Ockham's idea of suggestions as a coherent mixture of representationalism, conceptual atomism, and non reductionist nominalism, stressing within the procedure its unique curiosity for present discussions in philosophy of brain and cognitive sciences.

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Although many of these women probably had difficult lives under the constraints of a patriarchal society, they pushed the limits of the sphere of activity allotted to them in mid-fourteenth-century Ghent. Their story is about hard work, canny management, and sharp reasoning, as well as surviving financial losses and the deaths of spouses, parents, and children. It is far from a fairy tale, and the protagonists refused to suffer quietly like patient Griselda. Their story is well worth telling. 1 Four men armed with swords slash at the jumble of their fallen, disarmed foes, while a dog leaps excitedly across the pavement toward the fighters.

54 In most matters, the issue was who got to make the decision, rather than what the decision would be. Similarly, even though new boards of aldermen were chosen from the winning factions and corporations every time rebellion or repression changed the regime in Ghent, the routine decisions of those distinct boards of aldermen were remarkably consistent. Even in the most radical period of the Van Artevelde revolt, the majority of aldermen came from wealthy and respected elite families, who shared common ideas about property and resolving disputes.

The aldermen of the Keure began keeping annual registers in the thirteenth century, but the oldest register that has survived is a fragment from 1339. 56 These registers, and the three following extant registers, from 1353–54, 1357–58, and 1360-61, form the largest source base for this study. As well as ordinances and judgments of criminal cases, the annual registers contain copies of hundreds of private contracts and judicial decisions on civil lawsuits. 57 In Ghent, as throughout the medieval Low Countries, a clerk recorded the contract or official judgment on a sheet of parchment, writing out a copy for each of the interested parties.

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