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By S. Sawyer

Innovative younger philosophers current new learn articles on various modern concerns together with relation among language and notion, normativity of language, clients for a naturalistic account of language, nature of linguistic realizing, semantics of right names and expressive phrases, a modern construal of analytic truth

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2003) ‘Vagueness: A Minimal Theory’, Mind, 112, 235–81. Vagueness and Non-Indexical Contextualism 23 —— (2005) ‘Contextualism about Vagueness and Higher-Order Vagueness’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume, 79, 167–90. Heck, R. ) Liars and Heaps (New York: Oxford University Press). Kamp, H. (1981) ‘The Paradox of the Heap’, in U. ) Aspects of Philosophical Logic (Dordrecht: Reidel). Kaplan, D. (1989) ‘Demonstratives’, in J. Almog and H. Wettstein (eds) Themes from Kaplan (New York: Oxford University Press).

2. The label ‘Non-Indexical Contextualism’ is due to MacFarlane (2007 and 2009). For a non-indexical model of ‘knows’ see Kompa (2002) and Brogaard (2008). For a non-indexical model of predicates of taste see Lasersohn (2005). For an extensive defence of the general framework see Recanati (2007). 3. Stanley (2003) has argued that CV is flawed because (i) The sorites paradox can be run using verb-phrase ellipsis, (ii) indexical expressions are invariant under verbphrase ellipsis, and (iii) any solution to a verb-phase ellipsis version of the sorites should be on all fours with a solution to the standard formulation of the paradox.

6 Conclusion We have argued that there is an important distinction between two different kinds of CV: Indexical CV and Non-indexical CV. We have also argued that non-indexical CV is far less problematic than indexical CV, at least with respect to the issues we have considered here. Of course, this is not sufficient to settle the score between Indexical CV and Non-indexical CV, or to vindicate any form of CV. Many outstanding issues remain: What should CV say about higher-order vagueness? Is a relativistic theory of vagueness superior to Non-Indexical Contextualism?

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