Download Nations at War: A Scientific Study of International Conflict by Daniel S. Geller PDF

By Daniel S. Geller

Countries at battle offers a scientifically-derived rationalization of struggle. It develops this rationalization by means of reviewing data-based stories of foreign clash, interpreting struggle from the 15th to the 20th centuries, and picking out components corresponding to geography, regimes, army functions, alliances, and exchange linked to either the onset and destructiveness of those conflicts. wars (the Iran/Iraq battle of 1980, and global struggle I) are tested intimately so as to express how wars start and occasionally extend to incorporate different states. This special publication collates and synthesizes the findings of over medical reviews of struggle.

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Extra resources for Nations at War: A Scientific Study of International Conflict

Sample text

Of the three attributes of system structure, Waltz (1979:161-163) maintains that the distribution of capabilities is the most important for explaining periods of international war and peace. He bases this statement on the observation that this characteristic (the distribution of capabilities) alone has varied over time. Anarchy and unit functional homogeneity have been structural constants throughout the period of the modern state system. Therefore, if patterns of interstate behavior change over time, the change must be attributed to variation in the system-level distribution of capabilities.

See Buzan, Jones and Little (1993:102-113) for a synopsis of the related "agent-structure" debate in international relations. See Gochman and Maoz (1984:595-599) for distributions in both dyadic and multistate dispute participation and for a description of the militarized interstate dispute database. 22 Overview work, suggests the importance of a subset population defined by long-term conflicts. These conflict-prone dyads, or "enduring rivals," account for a disproportionately large amount of the violence which occurs in the interstate system.

Empirical evidence pertaining to war-prone regions is presented in chapter 5. The analysis will be divided between sections focusing on inter-regional war comparisons and intra-regional patterns of war relating to time, spatial heterogeneity, and contagion. , Waltz 1959, 1979) rests on the simplifying assumption that all states react similarly to the same external situation. The structure of the international system creates incentives and disincentives for certain types of actions and is a force 25 Nations at war that serves both to constrain and to induce specific forms of state behavior.

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