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By N. Doumanis

This booklet examines the connection among coloniser and colonised one of the Italian-held Dodecanese Islands among 1912 and 1943, and is predicated on an oral background venture performed among 1990 and 1995. Italian strength is defined as having been negotiated, resisted and changed via locals, who fashionable many elements of Italian rule with out in accordance the regime any legitimacy. This ethnographic background demanding situations ordinary perspectives on Italian colonialism and Greek nationalism, and displays on modern questions concerning old reminiscence, political tradition and social identification.

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Additional resources for Myth and Memory in the Mediterranean: Remembering Fascism's Empire

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While Ottoman provincial reform had failed, local government continued to perform useful functions, and as shown in the case of Kalymnos and Simi, these institutions could be quite enterprising. The most common name for this institution was 'koinotita', which was derived from the Greek word for 'community', and was usually applied to village local government. In the main towns, the term most commonly used was 'demogerontia' which meant 'community elders', but by 1912 this was gradually supplanted by the more democratic 'demarchia', which connoted 'popular' leadership.

The island could also boast 3 018 pieces of artillery, including 49 howitzers and 515 tonnes of ammunition. 60 The Booths described Leros as another Gibraltar,61 while locals were fond of calling their island 'the Malta of the Aegean' (i Malta tou Egeou). In a sense, the apparent international importance which the island had acquired did become a source of pride for Lerians. 62 In the end, the Italians never made much use of their military bases in the Dodecanese, especially as British naval mastery in the Mediterranean was never seriously challenged.

The following chauvinistic characterisation of Kalymnian homogeneity, however, is more a comment of inter-island campanilismo than ethnic prejudice: We had only seven Turks here in Kalymnos; one was an 'Arapi' [African] who was a judge. We got along well. They never bothered us. We in Kalymnos had the legendary Mahtou. We were independent in the Dodecanese. They never conscripted us for the army, nothing.. [the Mahtou] was a promise... which made the Dodecanese independent. We were neither Italian, nor Turkish, and we were all Greeks.

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