By James Otto, Craig B. Andrews, Fred Cawood, Michael Doggett, Pietro Guj, Frank Stermole, John Stermole, John Tilton
This publication features a wealth of data and research on the subject of mineral royalties. fundamental info comprises royalty laws from over 40 countries. research is complete and addresses problems with significance to diversified stakeholders together with govt policymakers, tax directors, society, neighborhood groups and mining businesses. wide footnotes and citations offer a worthwhile source for researchers.
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Additional info for Mining Royalties: A Global Study of Their Impact on Investors, Government, And Civil Society (Directions in Development)
First, user costs are the NPV of the future profits forgone by using marginal mineral resources (that is, the ore of mine G) to produce an additional unit of output today rather than saving these resources in the ground for the future. 4. User Costs in the Mining Industry P3 User costs Prices and costs P2 Ricardian rent Cb Ca A 0 B Qa C D E F G H I Qb Mine capacity Source: Author J. Tilton. Note: Each of the columns A through I represents mines of different quality. The height of each column reflects the costs of producing a given quantity of metal, such as copper.
As a result, companies are often reluctant to proceed without promises of favorable tax treatment. The host government, often keen for numerous reasons to see the project developed, tends to be accommodating. Once the project is completed, the invested capital is sunk and cannot be withdrawn from the country. Moreover the uncertainty regarding profitability dissipates. Some projects turn out to be unprofitable, whereas others are quite profitable. Taxation of the Mineral Sector 13 In any case, unhappiness with the agreed-upon tax regime may arise whether a project is successful or unsuccessful.
P1 is the market price of copper when demand can be completely satisfied by mine A. P2 is the market price when demand requires production from mines A through G. P3 is the market price of copper when demand requires production from mines A through G and user costs exist. User costs, which may arise in the production of nonrenewable resources such as metals, reflect the NPV of the profits lost in the future from producing one more unit of output during the present period (see text for more on user costs).