By Austin Woods
This e-book offers an summary of the early years of the eu Centre for Medium-Range climate Forecasts, and experiences the paintings of the institute during the last 30 years, describing alongside the way in which the ecu method of medium-range climate forecasting. Its blend of historic view and clinical perception is unique.
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Additional resources for Medium-Range Weather Prediction - The European Approach Austin Woods
Since the successful application of dynamic methods in NWP required a broad operational basis, universities were normally not in a position to provide the training required. Some of the National Meteorological Services with experience in NWP had already organised regular training courses, some in co-operation with universities. These courses were normally intended as an introduction to NWP, and were designed for meteorologists without specific experience in this field and thus emphasized the basics.
The initiative came not from scientific or technical sources but rather from the political arena. Previously it had been customary for meteorologists to develop plans for the improvement of their services. These plans were submitted to their Governments, who were asked to provide the financial resources required. In this case, however, the stimulus came from the Governments. The meteorologists were requested to develop plans following a political initiative. In 1963, in a recommendation to its Council, the Commission of the European Communities called attention to the importance of scientific and technical research.
Furthermore the Centre should co-operate with the existing international organisations, and in particular with WMO. For this reason a representative of the Secretary-General of WMO was invited to attend the more important sessions of the Expert Group for Meteorology. We have seen that at this time WMO had well-developed plans for the advance of meteorology, especially the World Weather Watch Plan and the joint WMO-ICSU Global Atmospheric Research Programme (GARP). This Programme was aimed at improving understanding of the physical basis of the general circulation of the atmosphere and at increasing forecast accuracy for extended periods.