By Elisa M. Becker
Examines the theoretical and functional outlook of forensic physicians in Imperial Russia, from the 18th to the early twentieth centuries, arguing that the interplay among country and those pros formed procedures of reform in modern Russia. It demonstrates the ways that the pro evolution of forensic psychiatry in Russia took a special flip from Western versions, and the way the method of professionalization in past due imperial Russia turned linked to liberal criminal reform and resulted in the transformation of the autocratic kingdom procedure. Demonstrates the methods in which felony, social, and institutional authority was once invested in disciplinary, medical wisdom, and the way those procedures have been associated with the shaping of a specific imaginative and prescient of legality adapted to Russia's social and political stipulations. picking the ways that social actors merged felony reform efforts with their expert ambitions, it argues that this interrelationship used to be efficient of a specific occupational point of view and process reform, instead of an underdeveloped shadow of advancements in Western, liberal states.
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Extra info for Medicine, Law, and the State in Imperial Russia
26 The Military Articles exemplify this conflation. :. ”29 On the other hand, in separate histories of medicine, one finds personal interests as the key explanatory factor. ”31 Not dismissing the relevance of both of these dimensions of Peter’s interests and personality, it is important to note that the changes implemented within these two branches of the state system (legal administration and medical service) were not conceived randomly nor in isolation, but as part of and partners within an overriding objective from the start.
107 The convergence between this intellectual debate and the question of medical-legal boundaries was not unique to Russia, and is embodied in the views of Moscow professor of law Sergei I. Barshev. 108 Though historians generally have presented Barshev one-dimensionally as a reactionary publicist, it is important to note that Barshev’s views were grounded in scholarly argument and in full engagement with contemporary European thinking. :. 2011 13:53 Page 47 Procedural Immunity 47 remained focused on the legal issues of punishment and responsibility.
70 Physicians’ participation thus arose out of this procedural imperative. Because of the necessity to establish the fact of the crime with certainty—the logic of the inquisitorial system thus pointed toward obligatory medical assessment in cases of crime involving the human body. ”72 Weight Where did medical testimony fit within the system of proofs? The rules of proof afforded preponderant weight to medical testimony over other types. :. 2011 13:53 Page 33 Procedural Immunity 33 its own strength, and had no requirements to meet other than not contradicting the “reliable” circumstances of the case.