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By Harold J. Cook

During this wide-ranging and stimulating e-book, a number one authority at the background of drugs and technology provides convincing facts that Dutch commerce—not religion—inspired the increase of technological know-how within the 16th and 17th centuries. Harold J. prepare dinner scrutinizes a wealth of ancient files in terms of the learn of medication and average background within the Netherlands and in different places in Europe, Brazil, South Africa, and Asia in this period, and his conclusions are clean and interesting. He uncovers direct hyperlinks among the increase of exchange and trade within the Dutch Empire and the flourishing of clinical investigation.Cook argues that carrying out trade replaced the contemplating Dutch voters, resulting in a brand new emphasis on such values as objectivity, accumulation, and outline. The choice for actual info that observed the increase of trade additionally laid the foundation for the increase of technological know-how globally, at any place the Dutch engaged in exchange. medication and ordinary background have been basic points of this new technology, as mirrored within the improvement of gardens for either excitement and botanical research, anatomical theaters, interest cupboards, and richly illustrated books approximately nature. Sweeping in scope and unique in its insights, this e-book revises past understandings of the heritage of technology and ideas.

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38 The word associated with the new ways of knowing, however, was ‘‘curiosity,’’ which had nothing to do with understanding the reasoned causes of things. 39 Like taste, virtue, and other such words, it was too closely linked to the experience of the world to have a precise definition. ’’ The term ‘‘often came to encompass not only people’s desire to know or possess something but also what they desired to know or possess’’; and exactly because it was linked to desire it was not a concept but an aspect of life given expression in ordinary language.

Yet, to counter heresy and unbelief, including pantheism, the fourth-century bishop of Worldly Goods and the Transformations of Objectivity 33 Hippo Augustine had found it helpful to write of the two books from which evidence of God could be drawn: the book of revelation, in which God revealed himself by the word (logos), and the book of nature, in which God revealed himself through what he created. 102 By the end of the fifteenth century, the phrase ‘‘natural theology’’ had appeared as a way of suggesting that a defense of Christian belief could be based on evidence of God the Creator alone.

60 The same exacting, descriptive attention given to botany and other subjects in natural history was therefore also being called for when physicians described diseases. Of course, physicians had always had to pay attention to the symptoms they saw in their patients and clients. But medieval physicians sought to incorporate these into discourses for their patients, sometimes written out, in which they discussed what they saw in light of what they knew about the causes of the patient’s troubles, and further, giving advice about how they should change their 24 Worldly Goods and the Transformations of Objectivity habits and diet in order to live well and long.

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