By Brian Garrod, Visit Amazon's Julie Wilson Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Julie Wilson, , Dr. Brian Garrod, Dr. Julie Wilson
An advent to the concept that of marine ecotourism, assessing its price as a sustainable improvement choice. the 1st part examines the foremost matters fascinated by making plans and dealing with marine ecotourism. the second one part examines quite a number reports, in response to case examples from worldwide, of the way these concerns are being addressed in perform.
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Extra info for Marine Ecotourism: Issues And Experience
If they don’t promote justice for nature and people. Total: First choice Second choice 0 0 4 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 3 0 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 11 0 0 11 2 3 3 0 0 3 6 4 0 11 1 11 DEFINING MARINE ECOTOURISM 29 For the purposes of the determining the characteristics of each definition set, a definition that was chosen by two panel members was included twice in the counting process, a definition chosen by three panel members was included three times, and so on. The following characteristics were used to classify the content of the definitions: · whether or not the definition recognised a need for interpretation and/or education as a component of the ecotourism experience (node = ‘education’); · whether or not the definition recognised a need to manage ecotourism (node = ‘management’), suggesting that ecotourism, if poorly managed, might actually harm the things that the ecotourists are paying to see; · whether or not the definition argued that ecotourism must be sustainable (node = ‘sustainable’), implying that ecotourism is to be viewed as a subset of ‘sustainable tourism’; · whether or not the definition identified the natural areas and species that are the subject of marine ecotourism as tourist ‘attractions’ (node = ‘attraction’), suggesting an instrumental use of nature as a tourism ‘resource’; · whether the definition recognised the need for marine ecotourism (simply) to benefit locals (node = ‘benefits to locals’) or whether the definition went further to recognise the need for local stakeholders to have an active participation in the planning and management of marine ecotourism (node = ‘involving locals’); · whether or not the definition focused on ecotourism primarily as a tool of conservation (node = ‘conservation’) as opposed to, for example, being primarily an instrument of economic development; · whether the definition recognised a cultural component to ecotourism (node = ‘cultural), as opposed to viewing ecotourism as being essentially nature-based (node = ‘nature-based’); · whether or not the definition considered ecotourism only to be possible in (relatively) undisturbed areas (node = ‘undisturbed’), as opposed to heavily human-influenced environments such as forested or urban areas; · the word length of the definition (nodes = ‘size 0–30’, ‘size 31–60’, and ‘size 61+’), reflecting possible preferences for ‘short and snappy’ definitions or longer, more detailed definitions; and · the style in which the definition is written, ranging from the generally descriptive (node = ‘style 1’) to the heavily criteria-based (node = ‘style 5’).
2001) Planning for Marine Ecotourism in the EU Atlantic Area: Good Practice Guidance. Bristol: University of the West of England. , Hunter, C. and Moore, B. (1990) Assessing the environmental impact of tourism development: Use of the Delphi technique. Tourism Management 11 (2), 111–20. Helmer, O. (1972) On the Future State of the Union. Report 12–2. Menlo Park, CA: Institute for the Future. Q. and Fowles, J. (1975) The methodological worth of the Delphi technique. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 7 (2), 179–92.
1990). Any Delphi panel should therefore be able to demonstrate a good balance of professional and academic backgrounds, personal and professional interests, and national locations. Candidate panel members were therefore asked to fill in a confidential personal profile. This provided details of their educational background, 22 ISSUES IN MARINE ECOTOURISM professional qualifications, career experience, marine ecotourism interests and their particular areas of expertise related to marine ecotourism.