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Consuming has constantly intended even more than enjoyable the thirst. ingesting could be a necessity, a convenience, an indulgence or a social task. Liquid Pleasures is an engrossing examine of the social background of beverages in Britain from the overdue 17th century to the current. From the 1st cup of tea at breakfast to mid-morning espresso, to an eveining beer and a 'night-cap', John Burnett discusses person beverages and ingesting styles that have various now not least with own flavor but additionally with age, gender, area and sophistication. He exhibits how diversified a while have seen an analogous drink as both demon poison or medication. John Burnett strains the heritage of what has been inebriated in Britain from the 'hot beverage revolution' of the overdue 17th century - connecting beverages and similar ingredients reminiscent of sugar to empire - correct as much as the 'cold beverages revolution' of the past due 20th century, studying the criteria that have decided those significant adjustments in our nutritional conduct.
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Extra resources for Liquid Pleasures: A Social History of Drinks in Modern Britain
Although cattle were almost universal over Britain, they were more numerous in the pastoral regions of the north, where, by the seventeenth century, areas such as Cheshire in England and Ayrshire in Scotland2 were already becoming noted for commercial dairying. At this period many small peasant farmers and copyholders were able to keep a few cows on the still unenclosed common and waste lands. C. 4 3 0 Liquid Pleasures From the late sixteenth century conditions of life for most country people began a slow deterioration under the impact of sharply rising prices, periods of dearth, and the beginnings of enclosures in southern England.
The relatively good times for the rural labourer began seriously to worsen from the 1760s owing to bad harvests, price inflation, increased taxation and, most of all, the rapid enclosure of common lands and the loss of grazing for animals. Between 1761 and 1801 more than 3 million acres of commons and wastes were enclosed in the name of more efficient land use, mainly in midland and southern England, but the social consequences were often disastrous for the labourer. Arthur Young, who had been one of the strongest advocates of enclosure, later wrote: ‘By nineteen out of twenty Enclosure Bills the poor are injured, and some grossly injured.
16 Until the later nineteenth century British farmers responded only tardily to the potential demand for dairy products, concentrating, under the protection of the Corn Laws until 1846, on arable cultivation wherever the land was suitable. 17 The fact that milk was highly perishable and could not be transported more than about 8 miles on bumpy roads persuaded most dairy farmers remote from towns to turn it into cheese or butter, a constraint that began to be removed from the 1840s by the introduction of railways, which almost from the first started to carry milk.