By Kenneth J. Ryan MD, Ross S. Berkowitz MD, Robert L. Barbieri MD, Andrea E. Dunaif MD
KISTNER'S GYNECOLOGY AND WOMEN'S future health makes a speciality of the entire sufferer care of the girl. The 23 chapters are divided into 3 elements: gynecology assessment, reproductive method and ailment, and reproductive lifestyles cycle. Chapters are equipped by way of either organ platforms and illness with emphasis at the assessment of universal difficulties and their scientific administration. prognosis and therapy algorithms were extra all through to advertise systematic pondering and logical judgements, which counterpoint medical potency. * good points 23 chapters which specialize in overall sufferer care and emphasize the overview and clinical administration of universal difficulties. * Lists key matters in bankruptcy establishing outlines, permitting the reader to check subject matters coated and to test bankruptcy assurance at a look. * comprises remedy algorithms which express treatment plans at a look to aid and concentration scientific decision-making.
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Extra info for Kistner's Gynecology and Women's Health
Therefore, any woman with ovarian failure before age 30 should be screened for chromosomal abnormalities by karyotyping or by polymerase chain reaction screening for Y-chromosome elements. Ovarian failure can also be the result of autoimmune processes. Antiovarian antibodies and ovarian failure can develop in women with polyglandular autoimmune endocrine disease (hypoparathyroidism, Addison disease, hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus). One of the best-studied examples of autoimmune ovarian failure occurs in women with myasthenia gravis.
Hypothyroidism occasionally appears as secondary amenorrhea, probably because of changes in GnRH production. The single most common cause of secondary amenorrhea of pituitary origin is hyperprolactinemia resulting from a prolactinoma (18% of cases). Other pituitary causes of secondary amenorrhea include empty sella syndrome, Sheehan syndrome, and Cushing disease (1% of cases). Prolactinomas Many pituitary tumors are monoclonal, indicating that a somatic mutation in a single progenitor cell is the cause of the tumor formation.
ABNORMAL AND EXCESSIVE UTERINE BLEEDING Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common clinical problems in gynecology. Uterine bleeding is abnormal if the bleeding pattern is irregular. This is defined as polymenorrhea (less than 22 days between cycles); oligomenorrhea (more than 35 days between cycles); hypermenorrhea or abnormal duration (more than 7 days of bleeding); or menorrhagia or abnormal amount (more than 80 mL blood loss during menses). Menometrorrhagia is an allencompassing term used to describe irregular or excessive bleeding, or both, during menstruation or between menstrual cycles.