Download Japanese Castles AD 250-1540 by Stephen Turnbull PDF

By Stephen Turnbull

Известный эксперт Стивен Тернбулл анализирует замки построеные в Японии, с первых примитивных укреплений в Yayoi период (300 до н.э.-250 н.э.) до первых замков, которые были разработаны с приходом к власти в Ямато суда первым императором Японии примерно в 250. Изучены тесные связи, что японские династии были как Китайские и Корейские, Тернбулла оценивает замки как японские оборонительные сооружения, что выдает влияние Китая и Кореи. Также рассмотрена местность в Японии по фортификации - с самого начала упора на палисады и развитие деревянного замки, зачастую расположеных на вершинах гор, до более сложных каменных сооружений в 15-м веке. Наконец, появление каменных башен, которые так характерны для самурая, а также постепенная адаптация японских замков для огнестрельного оружия. Здесь есть ранее неопубликованные фотографии автора, частные коллекции цветного изображения, в том числе подробные cutaways, что делает эту книгу важным руководством к увлекательному изучению японских замков.Релиз от группы R.G Japan специально для torrents.ru

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Florus writes, “Under the rule of Drusus they respected our manners rather than our arms. ”53 But what was the cruelty of Varus? ”54 Varus’ chief crime, in German eyes, was to attempt to make Germany pay part of the cost of its own occupation. In this he was only doing what Augustus expected of every Roman governor in a “subdued” province – institute a tax. As Dio notes, “He [Varus] strove to change them more rapidly. Besides issuing orders to them as if they were 51 52 53 54 During Augustus’ reign, there were two types of provinces: those with legions that Augustus personally controlled and those settled provinces that no longer needed the permanent presence of troops to pacify or defend them.

002 Conquering Germania 25 figure 1. Germania, AD 9–16. org/core. org/core/terms. 002 26 James Lacey degrees of Roman domination. 23 resources, manpower, and economic strength At first look, the disparity of resources between the Roman Empire and the Germans was so great that Rome’s failure to make Germania a fullfledged province seems surprising. This astonishment results from two causes: the failure to calculate what percentage of Rome’s total resource base was available for mobilization to support a war in a distant theater, and an enduring, but incorrect, assumption of the resources available to the Germans.

Corn is the only produce required from the earth . . It is well known that the nations of Germany have not cities, and that they do not even tolerate closely contiguous dwellings. Even iron is not plentiful with them . . I would not, however, affirm that no vein of German soil produces gold or silver, for who has ever made a search? They care but little to possess or use them. It is productive of grain, but unfavorable to fruit-bearing trees; it is rich in flocks and herds, but these are for the most part undersized.

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