By Céline Dauverd
This e-book examines the alliance among the Spanish Crown and Genoese service provider bankers in southern Italy through the early smooth period, whilst Spain and Genoa constructed a symbiotic monetary courting, undergirded via a cultural and non secular alliance. studying early smooth imperialism, migration, and exchange, this ebook indicates that the religious entente among the 2 international locations was once typically trained via the spiritual department of the Mediterranean Sea. The Turkish hazard within the Mediterranean strengthened the dedication of either the Spanish Crown and the Genoese retailers to Christianity. Spain's imperial method used to be bolstered by way of its willingness to acculturate to southern Italy via geared up beneficence, illustration at civic ceremonies, and non secular assistance in the course of non secular vacation trips.
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Extra info for Imperial Ambition in the Early Modern Mediterranean: Genoese Merchants and the Spanish Crown
Rome: Tipograﬁa Pio X, 1966, 137 55. The Spanish viceroys often deprived southern Italy of its grain to feed the Iberian Peninsula. Shortly before Lepanto, a Genoese minister complained to the Republic that the little wheat produced in the Kingdom of Naples that year was to be exported to Spain. S. Litterarum 2328 Lettere Ministri Napoli (1537–1708), N 655 letter from Niccolo Fiesco to Republic of Genoa, Palermo, January 25, 1570. 56. David Abulaﬁa, The Great Sea, 421. 57. During the last years of Mehmed’s reign, the Genoese still beneﬁted from privileges Mehmed had granted them after the fall of Constantinople.
By the same author, see The Political Economy of Merchant Empires: State Power and World Trade, 1350–1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991). ”42 John E. 43 Imperial Ambition extends the concept of merchant empires by showing that in Spanish Italy, merchants were involved in every single type of ﬁnancial movement: collection of gabelles,44 loans to the aristocracy and court, banking, guilds, and trade. In other words, merchants dominated the entire economy of southern Italy, which became, as a result, one of the principal trading hubs of the early modern European economy.
65. Paolo Lingua, Andrea Doria: Principe e Pirata nell’Italia dell ‘500 (Genoa: Nuova, 2006). Empires of the Renaissance, 1453–1650 * 39 side,66 and the 1528 alliance with Spain alienated the Genoese from the Ottomans. In turn, the new Genoese-Habsburg coalition intimidated the Ottomans, precipitating the rapprochement with the French Valois,67 crowned with the Siege of Vienna in 1529, which signaled long-lasting rivalry in Europe. Faced with stiﬀ French competition, the Genoese were the ﬁrst to experience the negative impact of the Franco-Ottoman alliance.