Download Holy War: How Vasco da Gama's Epic Voyages Turned the Tide by Nigel Cliff PDF

By Nigel Cliff

A sweeping ancient epic and an intensive new interpretation of Vasco da Gama’s groundbreaking voyages, obvious as a turning element within the fight among Christianity and Islam

In 1498 a tender captain sailed from Portugal, circumnavigated Africa, crossed the Indian Ocean, and came upon the ocean path to the Indies and, with it, entry to the fabled wealth of the East. It was once the longest voyage recognized to historical past. The little ships have been driven past their limits, and their crews have been racked via storms and devastated through ailment. although, their maximum enemy was once neither nature nor even the sheer dread of venturing into unknown worlds that existed on maps populated by way of coiled, toothy sea monsters. With bloodred Crusader crosses emblazoned on their sails, the explorers arrived within the middle of the Muslim East at a time whilst the previous hostilities among Christianity and Islam had risen to a brand new point of depth. In voyages that spanned six years, Vasco da Gama could struggle a working sea conflict that may eventually switch the destiny of 3 continents.

An epic story of spies, intrigue, and treachery; of bravado, brinkmanship, and burdened and infrequently comical collisions among cultures encountering each other for the 1st time; Holy War additionally bargains a shocking new interpretation of the large sweep of historical past. deciding upon Vasco da Gama’s arrival within the East as a turning aspect within the centuries-old fight among Islam and Christianity—one that keeps to form our world—Holy War unearths the unforeseen fact that either Vasco da Gama and his archrival, Christopher Columbus, set sail with the transparent function of launching a campaign whose goal used to be to arrive the Indies; grab keep an eye on of its markets in spices, silks, and necessary gem stones from Muslim investors; and declare for Portugal or Spain, respectively, the entire territories they found. Vasco da Gama triumphed in his challenge and drew a dividing line among the Muslim and Christian eras of history—what we within the West name the medieval and the fashionable a while. Now that the area is once more tipping again East, Holy War deals a key to knowing age-old non secular and cultural rivalries resurgent this day.

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Extra resources for Holy War: How Vasco da Gama's Epic Voyages Turned the Tide in a Centuries-Old Clash of Civilizations

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In a purely playful manner, I have used this dichotomy as a "tool of thought" which has helped me to foreground contrasts between dynamic and static features in cultural artifactsfor example, the dynamic nature of electronic text as opposed to the static nature of printed Page 5 text. " In other words, the narratives are wavelike in their attempt to describe an ongoing experience, whereas the theoretic sections in a sense ''pin down" the experiences and make them hold still like things while I analyze them.

A newly-hired assistant helped me access the data I needed. It seemed amazing to me that on the hard drives of the computers in this small room were stored virtually all the written words of all the students who had taken classes in these labs for the past five years! I soon walked back down the long corridor, the archived information now electronically duplicated on a small plastic disk tucked in my purse. I noticed that the hall, unlike two years before, was remarkably clear of clutterwith one exception.

All rights reserved. The poem "What Fifty Said" from The Poetry of Robert Frost, edited by Edward Connery Lathem. © 1956 by Robert Frost. , Inc. , Inc. Typography by WolfPack Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Tornow, Joan C. (Joan Clark) Link/age : composing in the online classroom / Joan C. Tornow. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-87421-221-9 1. English languageRhetoricStudy and teachingData processing. 2. Academic writingStudy and teachingData processing.

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