Download History and Class Consciousness by Georg Lukács, Rodney Livingstone PDF

By Georg Lukács, Rodney Livingstone

The writings amassed during this quantity surround Lukacs' years of apprenticeship in Marxism. They contain an important records of this era (1918-1930), which will emphaszie to their experimental nature and never to signify that they've any topical value to present controversies in regards to the precise nature of Marxism. The writings assembled the following do greater than easily light up the levels of private improvement; additionally they convey the trail taken by way of highbrow occasions in general.

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History and Class Consciousness

The writings accumulated during this quantity surround Lukacs' years of apprenticeship in Marxism. They comprise crucial files of this era (1918-1930), on the way to emphaszie to their experimental nature and never to signify that they have got any topical value to present controversies concerning the real nature of Marxism.

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The ‘pure’ facts of the natural sciences arise when a phenomenon of the real world is placed (in thought or in reality) into an environment where its laws can be inspected without outside interference. This process is reinforced by reducing the phenomena to their purely quantita­ tive essence, to their expression in numbers and numerical rela­ tions. Opportunists always fail to recognise that it is in the nature of capitalism to process phenomena in this way. Marx gives an incisive account7 of such a ‘process of abstraction5 in the case of labour, but he does not omit to point out with equal vigour that he is dealing with a historical peculiarity of capitalist society.

This links up with the idea already mentioned that objectification is a natural means by which man masters the world and as such it can be either a positive or a negative fact. By con­ trast, alienation is a special variant of that activity that becomes operative in definite social conditions. This completely shattered the theoretical foundations of what had been the particular achievement of History and Class Consciousness, The book became wholly alien to me just as my earlier writings had become by 1918-19.

The theory might then be accepted or rejected in accordance with the prevailing state of science without any modification at all to one’s basic attitudes, to the question of whether or not reality can be changed. Indeed, as the socalled Machists among Marx’s supporters have demonstrated, it even reinforces the view that reality with its ‘obedience to laws’, in the sense used by bourgeois, contemplative materialism and the classical economics with which it is so closely bound up, is impenetrable, fatalistic and immutable.

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