By Grazyna Skapska
In East important Europe, constitutionalism includes an attempt by way of postcommunist societies to consolidate round convinced values, rules, and principles that might facilitate the formation of a brand new political structure in addition to a brand new political id for his or her nations. established totally on the adventure of Poland - compared to different East relevant eu nations - this ebook debates the explicit positive aspects of postcommunist constitutionalism. the result's a thought of reflexive constitutionalism (informed by way of the sociological thought of reflexive modernization) which assesses seriously the highbrow assets in addition to the consolidating power of the vintage foundations of liberal democracy in the truth of postcommunist transformation.
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Extra info for From 'Civil Society' to 'Europe' (International Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology)
In light of my deepest convictions, the entrenchment of constitutions in extra-legal, social norms and expectations – but especially in discursive practices – and its recurrent contribution to the activation of such norms, expectations and shared meanings is of primary importance for democratic consolidation. The emphasis is placed upon constitutional rhetoric and discursive aspects of the functioning constitutions. These are important for differentiating the liberal democracies from other political arrangements, for social self-reflection, and new identity formation after the collapse of dictatorial regimes.
The initial potential power of the opposition also stemmed from popular social support. However, along with the splitting interests of the civil society, as well as the popular disenchantment with the talks and their results, the opposition lost its potential power. There is also a question on the actual and direct power of the participants at the very moment of negotiations. The communist participants of round tables had some important assets which were clear enough from the very start of the talks.
And why did the “Lions,” the opposition members engaged in talks with the communists, decide to place in jeopardy some of the between “civil society” and “europe” 31 high moral standards they were pursuing, such as engaging in secret negotiations hidden from the public, or making pacts with the very security police of which they had been victims? Leaving the weakness proposition aside, analyses of the round tables point to a growing awareness by some members of the communist parties not only of the deficiencies of communism and the decreasing probability of Soviet intervention, but also of the opportunities which a system change could offer.