By Katherine Charlton
Katherine Charlton Calkins teaches within the song division at Mt. San Antonio university the place she spent 8 years at the all-college common schooling committee after which served as chair of the track division for the next ten years. in the course of a yearlong sabbatical in 2007-2008 she studied ladies composers and compiled biographies, recordings, and listening courses, which she made to be had to her colleagues to assist them upload extra ladies to their song appreciation and heritage sessions. As a performer, she has a level in classical guitar from California nation collage at Fullerton. She toured in Southern France and Tuscany, taking part in lute with an early track staff led via her past due, first husband Andrew Charlton and his buddy Gloria Ramsey, either popular within the box of early song. Calkins additionally performed percussion and toured in Japan with the CSUF Wind Ensemble. She acquired her M.A. in song historical past and has persevered with additional graduate research in that very same box. As a instructor, she all started the guitar software at Mt. San Antonio university, the place she keeps to educate tune heritage, track appreciation, and background of rock song. Her first booklet, Rock track types: A heritage, is now out in its 6th variation.
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When we discussed melody, we dealt with single melodies. Now, we discuss music that has more than one melody at one time, creating a denser texture. Our discussion of melody also showed how melodies are often made up of phrases that repeat or contrast with one another. When we view a complete composition, we see how melodies are sometimes repeated and contrasted to give the music a sense of structure that we call form. com/ charltonexperience2e One of the fundamental characteristics of Western music is its reliance on tonality as an organizing element.
Most Western music depends on harmony to help enhance its expressiveness. We have defined interval as the distance between two notes in a melody, but we can also use it to refer to the distance between notes that are sounded together to make harmony. Thus harmony is a composite sound made up of two or more notes of different pitches that are played or sung simultaneously. The smallest harmonic unit is one consisting of two notes, but we usually have three or more notes played or sung together to create harmony.
The simplest chord is the triad. It is made up of three notes that are usually spaced one note apart—do, mi, and sol in the do-re-mi (major) scale, for example. The first note of any scale—in this case, do—is called the tonic note. The triad built on the notes beginning with do is, therefore, called the tonic chord. Tonic chords sound very stable and are traditionally played at the end of a musical composition in order to supply a sense of conclusion to the harmonic progression. Chords can be broken up so that their notes are played one at a time instead of all together.