By Bengt Jacobsson
This e-book investigates what occurs to an prepared political unit whilst it turns into a part of a bigger entity and, particularly, how elevated ecu integration and the tentative strikes in the direction of a transnational kingdom will have an effect on the ecu Union's state country. Europeanization and Transnational States offers an intensive comparative survey of the vital governments in 4 Scandinavian nations and analyses the ways that the ecu Union has encouraged the daily paintings in their kingdom administrations. It comprises assurance of Denmark, a long-standing member of the eu Union; Finland and Sweden, international locations that turned participants in 1995 and Norway, a non-member.
The ebook utilises numerous theoretical views - comparable to version to exterior strain, strategic selection and path-dependencies - to give an explanation for the adjustments regarding elevated ecu integration in crucial govt firms. It concludes that the results of Europeanization should be defined because the development of a transnational management the place identities in addition to loyalties are created in procedures that transcends the borders of states.
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Extra resources for Europeanization and Transnational States: Comparing Nordic Central Governments (Routledge Advances in European Politics)
The distance between politicians and ministerial employees in Sweden is indeed fairly small. The passivity of the Finnish political leadership can be noted in relation to both ministerial units and central agencies. In Denmark, the system for the written transmission of policy guidelines to ministerial units is far more extensive than in the other countries. The relation between the administrations and politicians is also complicated by the fact that the time scales used by the EU do not always correspond to those used in the various countries (Ekengren 1998).
This procedure requires extra caution in the use of attitude questions – it can be difﬁcult for the respondent to state how everyone else in the unit feels and thinks ‘on average’ about various issues. Nevertheless, we have decided to include a few attitude questions. When we account for them we shall remind the reader of the difﬁculties that exist in interpreting the responses. The aim of the questionnaire survey was to provide knowledge of the extent to which various elements in the central administrations of the Nordic countries are affected by EU activities, what tasks they have in this area and what changes that have taken place in recent years.
In all four countries the overwhelmingly dominant impact is felt in relation to the internal market concerns linked to Pillar 1. With regard to foreign and security policy, and judicial and police cooperation, only a few units in each country acknowledge any impact. In the years since 1998 there have, however, been considerable developments in the EU’s involvement in these ﬁelds, and one can expect the focus on Pillars 2 and 3 to increase in forthcoming years. Some of the units are considerably affected by standardization concerns, for instance, through their involvement with various European standardization organizations.