Download Essential obstetrics and gynaecology by Ian M Symonds; Sabaratnam Arulkumaran; E M Symonds PDF

By Ian M Symonds; Sabaratnam Arulkumaran; E M Symonds

Show description

Read Online or Download Essential obstetrics and gynaecology PDF

Best obstetrics & gynecology books

An atlas of gynecologic oncology

(Martin Dunitz) big apple Univ. , big apple urban. Atlas for postgraduates concerned with the surgical administration of gynecological malignancy. features a complete description of nearly all of investigative and surgeries required of the gynecological oncologist. supplies transparent written and pictorial guide.

Berek & Novak's Gynecology (Berek and Novak's Gynecology)

The most fulfilling textual content in gynecology is in its Fourteenth version, completely revised and up-to-date and now in complete colour all through. equipped into 8 sections, this finished and normal gynecological textbook presents suggestions for the administration of particular gynecological stipulations. the 1st sections conceal ideas of perform and preliminary review and the suitable easy technology.

Progestogens in Obstetrics and Gynecology

This e-book brings jointly the main updated information regarding the body structure of progestogens. This quantity addresses the bidirectional conversation among hormones, fertility, tumors, and autoimmunity. It presents the elemental technology and medical views of progestogens that have now not been formerly on hand in a single quantity.

Drugs During Pregnancy: Methodological Aspects

This publication addresses methodological elements of epidemiological reviews on maternal drug use in being pregnant. Discussing the prevailing resources of blunders and the way they could produce flawed conclusions, it examines a number of epidemiological ideas and assesses their strengths and weaknesses. those refer either to the identity of results (with targeted emphasis on congenital malformations) and to the categories of publicity (drug use).

Extra info for Essential obstetrics and gynaecology

Example text

Birth weight and placental weight are directly related to maternal VLDL triglyceride levels at term. The hyperlipidaemia of normal pregnancy is not atherogenic, although pregnancy can unmask pathological hyperlipidaemia. Mothers are usually protected from the potentially harmful effects of increasing lipid peroxidation in pregnancy by an increase in endogenous antioxidants, although this may be inadequate in pre-eclampsia. An adequate dietary intake of antioxidants such as vitamin A, the carotenoids and provitamin A carotenoids is also needed.

Amino acids With the exception of alanine and glutamic acid, amino acid levels in maternal plasma decrease below nonpregnant values. There is active transport of amino acids to the fetus as building blocks for protein synthesis and gluconeogenesis. Calcium MATERNAL WEIGHT GAIN Pregnancy is an anabolic state. 5 kg. Many women during the first trimester do not gain any weight because of reduced food intake associated with loss of appetite and morning sickness. 4 kg/week until term (Fig. 13). 2 lb) 15 Weight (kg) The total serum lipid concentration rises from about 600 to 1000 mg per 100 mL.

THE UTERUS The non-pregnant uterus weighs ~40–100 g, increasing during pregnancy to 300–400 g at 20 weeks and 800– 1000 g at term. Involution is rapid over the first 2 weeks after delivery, but slows thereafter and is not complete by 24 Fig. 1 Decussation of muscle fibres in the various layers of the human uterus. 2 months. The uterus consists of bundles of smooth muscle cells separated by thin sheets of connective tissue composed of collagen, elastic fibres and fibroblasts. All hypertrophy during pregnancy.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 49 votes