By Jonathan Israel
The disagreement among Spain and the Dutch Republic was once a key think about eu and international heritage. during this assortment, Jonathan Israel explores many of the points of this many-sided fight, on the point of presidency coverage, army procedure and international relations; and in recognize of the differing fortunes of areas, cities and teams, and the Sephardic Jews.
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Extra resources for Empires and Entrepots: The Dutch, the Spanish Monarchy and the Jews, 1585-1713
12 H. Taylor , "Trade , Neutralit y an d the 'Englis h Road' , 1630-48" , Econ. Hist. , xxv (1972), pp. 236-60; H. Kellenbenz , Unternehmerkrafte im Hamburger Portugal- una Spanienhandel, 1590-162 5 (Hamburg, 1954), p. 63 . ", fo. S . Est. 2847 ; Alcalá-Zamora , i n what i s presumably a mis print, gives the figure of 8,000: Alcalá-Zamora, op. , p. 179 . 74 La Cuev a t o Phili p IV , 1 7 Oct . S . Est . 2310 ; L a Cuev a t o Philip IV, ii Mar . S. Est. 2311 . Tha t there was a shipping slum p in Hollan d i n or aroun d 162 1 is not i n dispute; however, th e phenomeno n is usually explaine d withou t an y referenc e t o Spain .
52 note, no , 12 0 note; C. Trasselli, "Sul navigli o 'Nórdico' in Sicili a nel secólo XVII", in Homenaje a Jaime Vicens Vives, 2 vols. (Barcelona, 1965-7), ii, pp. 689-702. 108 Consulta, 6 July 1622 , fo. S. Est . 2036 . Se e also Antonio Serra , Breve trattato delle cause che possono far abbondare li regni d'oro e d'argento dove non sonó miniere (1613) , repr . 106 P. Custodi , Parte antica, 7 vols. (Milán, 1803-4), i. Philip III t o Italian viceroys, 27 Mar. S. Est. 1883 ; Brit. , Add. 18787 , fos.
Pp. 88 , 104, 315-16. Bogucka, op . , pp. 438-9. Boguck a demonstrate s the shift but entirel y misunderstands th e reaso n fo r it , offerin g th e unconvincin g explanatio n tha t trade wit h th e Iberia n peninsul a ha d becom e unprofitable . A Conflict o f Empires 2 7 English an d Frenc h vessels . Onl y fro m 1641 , wit h th e reviva l i n Dutch-Portuguese trade , wa s Dutch grain-carryin g restore d t o ful l health. N o les s affecte d tha n grai n wa s salt . I f th e Dutc h wer e denied Iberian salt, they were also deprived of the Caribbea n supplies which they ha d bee n exploitin g sporadically since the 15908.