Download Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization by Ioana Oltean PDF

By Ioana Oltean

Providing an in depth attention of past theories of local payment styles and the influence of Roman colonization, Dacia deals clean perception into the province Dacia and the character of Romanization.

It analyzes Roman-native interplay from a panorama viewpoint concentrating on the center territory of either the Iron Age and Roman Dacia. Oltean considers the character and distribution of cost within the pre-Roman and Roman classes, the human impression at the neighborhood landscapes and the adjustments which happened due to Roman occupation.

Dealing with the best way that the Roman conquest and association of Dacia impacted at the local cost trend and society, this ebook will locate itself primary among scholars of old Rome.

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Extra info for Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization

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If natural factors affected little the landscape over time, human exploitation and use produced some significant transformations. They range from the creation of drainage systems to artificial lakes and quarrying at various scales for materials ranging from gold to clay, to the creation of huge sterile deposits around industrial centres such as Hunedoara, Calan, Deva and Mintia. Although the large majority of soils in the area are of forest type, the forests now cover only the mountains and higher hills, as in the lowlands they have been cleared for agriculture.

With an even distribution of mountains, hills and plains and a rich network of watercourses, the geography of Romania is largely structured around the south-eastern end of the Carpathian Mountains (a branch of the Alpine–Himalayan Mountains). The curving line of the mountains imposes a concentric layout to the general geography of the country and outside the mountains the sub-Carpathian hills and the plains spread out in steps. Inside, however, the mountains enclose a large area of hills, tableland and alluvial plains, called Transylvania.

Interpretation is more difficult, however, with representation of wild animals. A boar and a stag are represented in scene CXLIX of Trajan’s Column (Lepper and Frere 1988, 181 and Plate CIX) and it appears that the wolf was quite an important martial symbol among the Dacian warrior elite (Vékony 2000, 84). Dacian art reveals only a few clues about local fauna (dog/wolf, bull, snake, horse, feline) as the ornamental motifs on painted ceramics are too stylised and the animals are, without exception, fantastic representations (Florea 1998, 206–32).

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