By Mary E. Frandsen
Presently after assuming the Saxon throne in 1656, Lutheran Elector Johann Georg II (r. 1656-80) changed the elder Kapellmeister Heinrich Sch???tz with more youthful Italian Catholic composers. doubtless in a single day, sacred track within the most recent Italian sort, first by means of Vincenzo Albrici (1631-90/96) and later by way of Giuseppe Peranda (ca. 1625-75) supplanted the extra conventional Sch???tzian sacred concerto and Spruchmotette, effecting a transformation in musical and non secular existence either in the partitions of the Dresden court docket and past. Drawing on broad study in basic resource fabrics, Frandsen explores the elector's "Italianization" of the Hofkapelle with castrati and different Italian virtuosi, and examines the bigger confessional clash that gripped the town of Dresden and its implications for the Catholic-leaning elector's musical schedule. She then examines the Latin texts set by way of Albrici and Peranda, a physique of works ruled through expressions of mystical devotion usual of the repertoire then heard in Italy. even if, drawing upon contemporary reports of the phenomenon of "new piety" in seventeenth-century Lutheranism, Frandsen locates those texts squarely in the realm of up to date Lutheran spirituality, and demonstrates their congruity with devotional fabrics utilized by Lutherans because the mid-sixteenth century. In her dialogue of the sacred concertos of Albrici and Peranda, she takes the concept that of musica pathetica as some extent of departure, and in addition explores the formal and stylistic relationships among the Roman motet and the hot sacred concerto in Dresden. eventually, with the aid of liturgies recorded in court docket diaries, she reintegrates this tune into its unique functionality atmosphere, and demonstrates how tightly the works of those Italians have been woven into the Gospel-determined thematic cloth of the prone celebrated throughout the church yr. a desirable account of the uneasy alliance of 2 confessions on the favorite seventeenth-century courtroom of Dresden, this publication presents clean insights right into a overlooked yet influential repertoire. Frandsen's learn may be of curiosity to students and scholars attracted to Baroque song, the highbrow and cultural heritage of ecu courts, the historical past of liturgy and church historical past, and the Early glossy period ordinarily.
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Extra info for Crossing Confessional Boundaries: The Patronage of Italian Sacred Music in Seventeenth-Century Dresden
After all, the prince had expressed an urgent need for funds on several occasions in 1653, and a letter of Philipp Stolle to the prince on 30 October of that year (discussed below) indicates that at least one musician had not received his salary. In addition, Schütz’s resistance, coupled with the elector’s intransigence, probably denied performance opportunities in the court chapel to the prince’s musicians. Third, unlike the courts of Vienna and Munich, the Dresden court lacked even a fledgling opera program, which may also have proved a disincentive to remain in the Saxon capital for young singers who entertained hopes of operatic careers.
98. Sundström 1961:301, 308. 99. Vincenzo’s service in Stuttgart began in the Bartholomew term (24 August) 1655 and lasted until around 1 February 1656; his brother Bartolomeo may have left after the end of September (Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart, A282, Ba 1391, Kirchen Castens Verwalltung Jahr Rechnung 1655–56 [unfoliated]). Many thanks to Paul Ranzini for informing me of the references to the brothers Albrici in these materials. 100. Albrici’s appointment as Kapellmeister may suggest that Bontempi had already begun to move on to other interests.
According to Weck, the visit took place in January 1653 (Weck 1680:396). 93. Sächs HStA Loc. 8561/1, fols. 167–68 (here fol. 167v), Landgrave Georg II of Hessen-Darmstadt to Johann Georg II, 14 April 1655. 94. “Wir seÿn umb recommendation an E. Lbd. von unserm Capellmeister Gioseppe Peranda vor seinen Schwager Dottore Gio: Batt:a Gasparini da Macerada unterthänigst angelanget worden, und hat derselbe die gehorsamste Zuversicht, daß vom E. Lbd. gedachten seinen Schwager unter Dero Protection nehmen wolten” (Sächs HStA Loc.