By Hekster, O. (ed.), Kleijn, G. de (ed.), Slootjes, D. (ed.), Olivier Hekster, Gerda De Kleijn, Danielle Slootjes
This quantity offers the lawsuits of the 7th workshop of the overseas thematic community impression of Empire, which concentrates at the background of the Roman Empire. It makes a speciality of the impression that crises had at the improvement and functioning of the Roman Empire from the Republic to overdue Imperial instances.
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Additional resources for Crises and the Roman Empire (Impact of Empire)
23 Der Stein war also in Wirklichkeit 21 Historia Augusta, vita Didi Iuliani 1, 7; H. van Enckevort und J. Thijssen, ‘Nijmegen und seine Umgebung im Umbruch zwischen Römerzeit und Mittelalter’, in Th. Grünewald und S. ), Kontinuität und Diskontinuität. Germania inferior am Beginn und am Ende der römischen Herrschaft (Berlin 2003), 85 wollen einen Zerstörungshorizont in Nijmegen mit diesem Einfall in Verbindung bringen; dann wäre auch Niedergermanien davon betroffen worden. Doch sind die Hinweise wohl kaum typisch genug, um diesen Zusammenhang zu begründen.
Strobel argues that none of these testimonies expresses considered anxiety for the future of the empire. He also points out that by its very nature a crisis can normally only be recognized when it is over, and that this fact makes it unlikely that any Roman of the third century was in a position to diagnose a state of crisis. Doubt whether Romans who had lived through most of the third century could in fact have reached the considered diagnosis that their society was passing through a crisis, does not rule out the possibility that a crisis had in fact occurred.
J. Wilkes, ‘Provinces and frontiers’, CAH 2 12, 212–268; 222 f. 2 24 werner eck In einem 1976 erschienenen Werk eben zu Gallienus, dessen Autor, Lukas de Blois, auch die Thematik des diesjährigen Impact of Empire angeregt hat, stehen deshalb, nicht überraschend, die folgenden Sätze:3 It was not only the countless wars and other forms of violence that made the third century a period of darkness and misery. The whole century was a sequence of economic crises, social upheavals, natural disasters and religious changes and a time of cultural decadence.