Download Consciousness and Reality: Hegel’s Philosophy of by J.L. Navickas PDF

By J.L. Navickas

With the increase of analytical philosophy the feedback opposed to Hegelianism has develop into more and more shrill, and symptoms of a humiliation that Hegel's philosophy should still ever have arisen are visible in such inftuential works as these of Karl Popper and Hans Reichenbach, to say yet a couple of. notwithstanding, many modern philosophers rigidity what's referred to as subjectivity, conceiving fact as vulnerable of methodical research in simple terms to the level that it's in and for the topic. what's extra, they not just insist at the significance of the topic for philosophy, yet keep that the topic has to be conceived because the primary determinative of precise objectivity. on account that wisdom relies for its danger at the inseverable correlatives of realization and fact, they'd furnish right significance has to be given to either topic and item. nonetheless, exemplifying the relational precept in the solidarity of a twin constitution, the topic serves as an exclu­ sive agent that offers ingress into the that means of the object.

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14 However, this does not involve a radical refutation of sense-certainty; instead, it involves, as G. A. Gabler has remarked, modifying the character of the initial mode of cognition. a The modifications which have been introduced are, first, a cancellation of one-sided claims, for sense-certainty is certainty only within the unity of reciprocal interaction between subjectivity and objectivity, and,. secondly, an elevation of cognitive experience up to the level of oral discourse. The importance of all this, of course, is not so much in the suppression of the immediate certainty as in the emergence of universality, which, needless to say, has a subjective origin.

Instead, he points to the imme1 Emerich Coreth, Das dialektische Sein in Hegels Logik (Wien: Herder, 1952), p. 18. 34 THE CONSCIOUS SUBJECT diate knowledge and promises to proceed "in an immediate way". This does not mean, of course, that Hegel's analysis is radically presuppositionless. 2 In other words, Hegel assumes that only acts of consciousness can really constitute the subject matter of philosophical activity and that sense-certitude can function productively in isolation. Although Hegel was not the first thinker to start from the cognitive factors and to reject everything which does not bear the credentials of that which is immediately given, he is the first to speak of sense-certitude as the most elementary mode of consciousness, capable of making an existential claim that something exists.

144. , p. 75. R. Haym, however, ignoring the distinction between phenomenology and methaphysics, that is, between phenomenal knowledge and notional knowledge, claims that Hegel's Phenomenology is really his whole system. Cf. Hegel und seine Zeit (Berlin: R. Gaertner, 1875), p. 255. , p. 142. , p. 72. 11 "Hegel weitet den Begriff der Erkenntnistheorie zu dem einer Theorie des absoluten Erkennens; indem das Erkennen sich selbst priift, priift es zugleich seinen Gegenstand; die Erkenntnistheorie ist zugleich Gegenstandstheorie".

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