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By Andrew D. M. Beaumont

Ambitious males of Modest Means examines the governance of British the USA within the interval ahead of the yank Revolution. Focusing upon the profession of George Montagu Dunk, moment Earl of Halifax and primary Lord of the Board of alternate & Plantations (1716-1771), it explores colonial planners and policy-makers through the political hiatus among the age of Walpole and the following age of imperial challenge. As bold metropolitan politicians vied for ministerial dominance, Halifax's board performed a necessary position in shaping British perceptions of its becoming empire. A repository of knowledge and intelligence, the board provided Halifax the chance to set up his personal area of interest curiosity, for the nice of the empire and himself alike.

Challenging the view that Britain's angle in the direction of its American colonies used to be one in every of lack of expertise compounded by way of complacency, this research explores these charged at once with governing the US, from the imperial centre to its westward peripheries: the governors entrusted with keeping the royal prerogative, and enforcing reform. among 1748 and 1761, Halifax sought to reform the the USA from a motley collection of territories into an ordered, uniform asset of the imperial countryside. Exploring the governors themselves finds a posh, sleek community and private loyalties, certain jointly via mutual self-interest less than Halifax's leadership.

Confronted by means of the Seven Years' conflict, Halifax observed his plans and fans fritter away within the face of world clash, the result of which tested British the United States, and likewise sowed the seeds of its eventual destruction in 1776.

Long overshadowed by way of the stated 'great males' of his age, this research restores Halifax and his curiosity to its rightful position as an important impression upon significant historic occasions, illustrating his grand, complicated imaginative and prescient for an alternate British the United States that by no means was once.

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Extra resources for Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748-1761

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271: Halifax to Newcastle, 5 July 1749. Like Bedford, Sandwich was keen to help his cousin find a position of influence. A private letter illustrates his concern that Halifax had again been left out of consideration for promotion following the resignation of Sir John Cotton. He later reported to Bedford that he had spoken in person with Newcastle, and hoped for a swift and amicable resolution. BC, Vol. I, 77–9: Sandwich to Bedford, 26 April 1746; BC, Vol. I, 94–5: Sandwich to Bedford, 5 May 1746.

64 Jeremy Black, The British and the Grand Tour (1985), 16–17, 43. Dussaux admitted to his employer that the social scene was limited, while the academy itself lacked adequate teachers: riding lessons were taught by the headmaster’s son. Add. MSS, 7121, ff. 79–80: Dussaux to Halifax, 15 May 1736. 65 Add. MSS, 7121, ff. 83–4: Sunbury to Halifax, 27 January 1737. 66 Add. MSS, 7121, ff. 85–6: Dussaux to Halifax, 31 May 1737. 26 Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748–1761 fared little better in Halifax’s estimation.

65 At Dussaux’s insistence, the pair skirted Avignon, where the exiled duke of Ormond presided over a motley court of Jacobites, libertines, and radicals. 66 The rest of Europe 62 Colin Kidd, British Identities before Nationalism: Ethnicity and Nationhood in the Atlantic World, 1600–1800 (2004), 235. 63 Baltimore’s tour is particularly noteworthy for the size of his retinue: his entourage included two black eunuchs, eight women, and (perhaps wisely) a personal physician. Given such unabashed opulence, it is hardly surprising perhaps that in Catholic Italy the excesses of some British ‘gentlemen’ prompted the popular adage Inglese Italianato é un diavolo incarnato.

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