By David Radford;Adrian Gascoyne
This quantity is a severe overview of the present country of archaeological wisdom of the cost initially referred to as Camulodunon and referred to now as Colchester. town has been the topic of antiquarian curiosity because the overdue sixteenth century and the 1st sleek archaeological excavations happened in 1845 just about Colchester citadel, the cities so much well known old website.
The earliest major human profession recorded from Colchester dates to the past due Neolithic, however it was once merely in the direction of the tip of the first century BC that an oppidum used to be demonstrated within the sector. This used to be outmoded before everything by way of a Roman legionary fort after which the colonia of Camulodunum on a hilltop bounded at the north and east via the river Colne. there's little proof for carrying on with career right here within the early post-Roman interval, yet in 917 the city was once re-established as a burgh and steadily grew in value. After the Norman Conquest, a fort used to be outfitted at the foundations of the ruined Roman Temple of Claudius, and a priory and an abbey have been verified simply to the south of the walled city.
Although the city, as in other places, used to be laid low with the Dissolution of the Monasteries and the English Civil struggle it remained basically medieval in personality until eventually the 18th century. through the nineteenth century this technique of swap was once speeded up by way of the coming of the railway, industrialisation and the institution of the army garrison.
Since the Nineteen Sixties Colchester has been topic to habitual stages of re-development, the latest having ended basically in 2007, that have had an important impression at the historical atmosphere. thankfully the city is among the most sensible studied within the country.
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Additional info for Colchester, Fortress of the War God: an Archaeological Assessment
2). Much material collected by William Wire found its way to the museum through the donation of the Acton collection in 1860, and the following year Dr Duncan donated his important coin collection. The purchase in 1892 of the extensive Jarmin collection of Roman material from Colchester was followed a year later by the acquisition of the Joslin collection, which provided the museum with perhaps the finest private collection of Roman material gathered from one locality in the country. The developing local interest in archaeology also extended to a concern for the surviving ancient monuments around the town, especially the Roman town walls.
The photographs were taken by Tony Nichols and Philip J Wise. Camulodunum pottery fabric series described in Hawkes and Hull 1947, 202–81 CATColchester Archaeological Trust (where followed in the text by a series of numbers and letters this represents an archive report) CATBColchester Archaeological Trust Buildings Series Close RClose Rolls of the Reign of Henry III preserved in the Public Record Office (HMSO 1902–75) CMColchester Museums CMRBorough of Colchester [Annual] Report of the Museum and Muniment Committee Colchester ArchaeolThe Colchester Archaeologist (Colchester Archaeological Trust Annual Magazine) COLEMColchester Museums Accession Register CPLColchester Public Library CRColchester Court Roll CUCAPCambridge University Collection of Air Photos DNBDictionary of National Biography EHCREssex Heritage Conservation Record ELMelement EROEssex Record Office FNDfind GGGrave Group; M R Hull’s unpublished Index of Grave Groups, Colchester Museums GRPgroup MONmonument OSOrdnance Survey POWprisoner of war RCHMERoyal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England RIB1R G Collingwood and R P Wright (eds) 1965 Roman Inscriptions of Britain, vol 1.
Planning permission for new development is now routinely linked to a requirement for archaeological work before building starts, so there is a steady stream of important new information coming to light. This is the background to the present volume. It is a product of a long-term English Heritage programme, launched in 1992 under the title Managing the Urban Archaeological Resource. One part of that programme has been to carry out detailed studies of the archaeology of 35 selected major historic towns and cities in England.