By Marco Fontani, Mary Virginia Orna, Mariagrazia Costa
This short bargains a unique imaginative and prescient of the town of Florence, tracing the advance of chemistry through the biographies of its so much illustrious chemists. It records not just very important clinical study that got here from the palms of Galileo Galilei and the physicists who in his footsteps, but additionally the expansion of latest disciplines akin to chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, and biochemistry. It recounts how, within the center a while, chemistry begun as an utilized technology that served to reinforce the Florentine economic system, quite within the fabric dyeing undefined. Later, vital clinical collections based through the ruling Medici relations served because the foundation of popular museums that now condominium beneficial artifacts and tools. additionally defined during this textual content are the chemists corresponding to Hugo Schiff, Angelo Angeli, and Luigi Rolla, who have been energetic over the process the subsequent century and 1 / 4. The authors inform the tale of the evolution of the Royal college of Florence, which finally grew to become the collage of Florence. Of curiosity to historians and chemists, this story is informed in the course of the lives and paintings of the important actors within the university’s division of chemistry.
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Extra resources for Chemistry and Chemists in Florence: From the Last of the Medici Family to the European Magnetic Resonance Center
The other members of the family who stand out—Mario, Robert, Roger and George—are respectively sons and grandsons of Moritz—of which little or nothing has been handed down to the present day [40–42]. The ﬁrst Schiff family member of record is Jacob Kohen Zedek, whose name appears on the headstone of his son Uri Phoebus. In 1481 Uri Phoebus Schiff died at the venerable age of 80, so we can assume that his date of birth should be placed around 1400. His father, Jacob, had served for a time as a leader of the Jewish community in Frankfurt; it is thought that he was born around 1370, a date that is the oldest trace of a Jewish family in Germany.
Even practical aspects of handling substances in the laboratory did not go unnoticed: Ostrogovich developed an apparatus for dehydration of substances under vacuum, and created a new type of flask ﬁtted with a reflux condenser with a neck adapted for collection of the products of distillation at reduced pressure . However, Ostrogovich’s great passion was not chemistry, but entomology and especially butterflies. When he was still a boy, at the Liceo “Dante” in Florence, his professor of natural sciences and famous lepidopterist, Pietro Stefanelli (1835– 1919), instilled in him a love for these creatures.
The Institute’s importance peaked in the years from 1860 to 1910. If the last four decades of the 19th century witnessed cultural dominance of Florence, it was because it emerged within the hegemonic role of its university. The fact that it became the temporary capital of the kingdom of Italy emphasizes the position reached by Florence and by the ability of its politicians to think big. Neither Pisa nor Siena, and not even Bologna, were leaning in this direction although the latter had all it would take to set itself a similar goal.