By David C Paul
During this sweeping survey of highbrow and musical heritage, David C. Paul tells the hot tale of the way the track of yankee composer Charles Ives (1874-1954) used to be formed through transferring conceptions of yank identification inside of and outdoors of musical tradition. Paul specializes in the critics, composers, performers, and students whose contributions have been such a lot influential in shaping the serious discourse on Ives, lots of them marquee names of yankee musical tradition themselves, together with Henry Cowell, Aaron Copland, Elliott Carter, and Leonard Bernstein. Paul explores either how Ives situated his track amid altering philosophical and aesthetic currents and the way others interpreted his contributions to American song. even though Ives's preliminary efforts to discover a public within the early twenties attracted a number of devotees, the resurgence of curiosity within the American literary prior throughout the thirties made a live performance staple of his "Concord" Sonata, a piece devoted to nineteenth-century transcendentalist writers. Paul exhibits how Ives used to be thus deployed as an icon of yank freedom throughout the early chilly conflict interval and the way he got here to be instigated on the head of a line of "American maverick" composers. Paul additionally examines why a up to date cadre of students has beset the composer with Gilded Age social anxieties. David C. Paul is an assistant professor of musicology and idea on the college of California, Santa Barbara.
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Extra info for Charles Ives in the Mirror: American Histories of an Iconic Composer
39 According to contemporaneous usage, the latter term had to do with the cultivation of moral rectitude, the calibration of an inner compass that would guide the individual in his or her life pursuits. ”40 In other words, for New Humanists, the development of character required an authority external to the self: the canon. And this was the source of their beef with the transcendentalists. indd 18 3/1/13 10:06 AM Transcendentalist or Firebrand? · 19 The central premise of transcendentalism is that the human soul is a fragment of God, and the mind of God, the oversoul, serves as the substratum of human thought.
Indd 20 3/1/13 10:06 AM Transcendentalist or Firebrand? ” Repeating a line of reasoning he had advanced in his first book, The Wine of the Puritans (1908), Brooks traced this problem back to the peculiarities of the Puritan mindset. The first New England settlers arrived with a fully formed culture that emphasized the eternal over the quotidian. But to wrest a living from the wilderness of the New World required practicality, economy, and intensive labor. ” For Brooks, this rift was epitomized by the antithetical characters of Jonathan Edwards, with his intellect “like the Matterhorn, steep, icy, and pinnacled,” and Benjamin Franklin, whose practical advice filled Poor Richard’s Almanac.
Henry Bellamann, who had moved to New York by this time, wrote the program notes and an accompanying article for the society’s journal. As in his earlier review, Bellamann drew attention to the stylistic innovations of Ives’s music, introducing a new subsidiary theme. indd 29 3/1/13 10:06 AM 30 . Chapter 1 of the means of musical expression had been utilized. ”80 In 1921, not knowing the dates of completion for Ives’s scores, Bellamann had simply claimed that the style of “Concord” seemed wholly independent of the music of Debussy, Strauss, or Stravinsky.