By Jan Holzer, Miroslav Mareš
Democratic improvement in critical and japanese Europe isn't a entire undertaking, neither is its development resistant to inner and exterior threats. the present social, fiscal, ethnic and political scenario in the sector offers new dangers.
This textual content identifies and analyses demanding situations to present East-Central eu democracies when it comes to capability deconsolidation of democracy mirrored within the alterations within the institutional and procedural framework (polity), and within the number of tools and methods within the coverage quarter. particularly analyzing the regimes of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, those demanding situations contain political extremism and violence, corruption, ethnic and spiritual conflicts. featuring unique valuable ecu information and utilizing the idea that of consolidation of democracy from von Beyme and Merkel’s notion, the ebook demonstrates that those demanding situations are as a lot encouraged through imported phenomena, comparable to immigration, geared up crime, and different power systemic undemocratic volatilities, because the household situation.
This textual content may be of key curiosity to students and scholars East eu politics, post-Soviet politics, ecu reviews, defense and strategic reports, diplomacy, sector stories, smooth historical past and sociology.
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Additional info for Challenges to democracies in East Central Europe
Is theory-dependent) and thus problematic. g. Freedom in the World or Polity IV), some Western democracies paradoxically have no room for improvement, as they reach top marks in all the indicators. See Dufek and Holzer (2013). 5See the work by Alain Badiou, Jacques Rancière, Slavoj Žižek and others. 6As exemplified by Badiou’s (2011, p. 15) thesis that we become real democrats only after we become modern-day communists. 7Even though we are of the view that imbuing established concepts with ad libitum content or meaning, as dictated by one’s ideological priorities, is a rather precarious matter in the context of democracy (see Dufek unpublished).
One explanation was given by Andrew Roberts, who argues that people’s perceptions of the quality of democracy are often influenced by considerations not directly related to democracy understood as conditions of the institutionalisation of popular rule (construed by Roberts as a combination of policy responsiveness, mandate responsiveness and electoral accountability; cf. Roberts, 2010). However, this would be a conclusive point only if we adopted – as Roberts does – a ‘minimalist’ definition of democracy (for one type of critique, see Blokker, 2008).
Although the sources of this ‘democratic malaise’ are numerous, the ‘usual suspects’ almost always include the capitalist economic system (fuelled by globalisation) and its attendant injustices, and the decrease in citizen participation in most representative democracies (Buchstein and Jörke, 2007). 6 Indeed, many authors concur that contemporary democracies are in crisis. Paul Blokker has recently expressed this belief about the new post-communist democracies. He specifically focuses on what he takes to be a pathological dominance of a rigid, technocratic constitutionalism, as well as of a formal, electoral understanding of democracy, over the normative democratic ideal of maximizing public involvement in decision-making on constitutional rules (Blokker, 2014).