By Charles K. Rowley, Bin Wu
This publication deals an analytic heritage of Britannia (first England and Wales after which nice Britain) over 8 hundred years of political turmoil, intermingled with monetary stagnation, through the engine of the economic revolution. The booklet attracts on economics, political technological know-how, public selection, philosophy and the legislation to probe extensive into the evolution of Britannia from an impoverished feudal after which post-feudal autocracy right into a constitutional monarchy with constrained suffrage that supplied the fulcrum for commercial and advertisement good fortune, making Britannia, through 1884, the richest kingdom, consistent with capita, in the world. The e-book demanding situations head-on the Whiggist liberal inspiration of Macaulay and Trevelyan that the trail from oppression to freedom was once one among unimpeded growth. between its novel gains, the ebook attracts upon the dictator’s instruction manual, as modeled by means of Bueno de Mesquita and Alistair Smith to guage the interval of various autocracy, 1066-1688. The ebook attracts upon sleek public selection idea and criminal background to judge the delicate, corrupt constitutional monarchy that oversaw the preliminary part of post-Glorious Revolution Britannia, 1689-1775. At each one level, the philosophical conflict among those that sought order and solidarity and those that sought person liberty is meticulously defined. The booklet attracts at the contributions of the Scottish Enlightenment (Hume, Ferguson and Smith) and of classical liberal philosophy (John Stuart Mill) to give an explanation for the ultimate vault of Britannia from a susceptible and corrupt to a strong and well-known constitutional monarchy grounded at the rule of legislations, over the interval 1776-1884.
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Extra resources for Britannia 1066-1884: From Medieval Absolutism to the Birth of Freedom under Constitutional Monarchy, Limited Suffrage, and the Rule of Law
30 2 The Tudor Dynasty: Perfecting Absolutism in the Era of Renaissance … When Martin Luther had launched his thunderbolts against the Catholic Church, Henry responded in 1521 with a popular tract entitled Defence of the Seven Sacraments, for which he was rewarded in 1524 by the papal title FideiDefensor (Defender of the Faith). Surely the pope would not refuse a king who had championed the papal cause both in arms and in scholarship. In this expectation, Henry would be frustrated. The pope proved to be timid in nature and after Pavia and the imperial army’s sack of Rome, in 1527, he was in the power of Catharine’s nephew, Charles, the Emperor, whose support he needed against the Lutherans in Germany.
Henry VIII was mindful of the precarious rule of Matilda, and of the tenuous claim of the Tudors to the English throne. Therefore, he was unwilling to commit his dynasty to the fortunes of a female successor. Simultaneously, he was tired of his older spouse and enthralled with a youthful courtier, Anne Boleyn. His mind turned fortuitously to the Holy Bible, specifically to Leviticus chapter 18, verse 16 and chapter 20, verse 21. In God’s own book, it was stated that if a man uncovered his brother’s wife’s nakedness, it was an unclean act, and the sinful couple would be childless.
The Regency Council members evidently helped themselves to be rich and powerful as soon as the old king gasped his final breath. Somerset’s brother, Thomas Seymour, was Lord High Admiral, and a man with his own ambitions for power. Edward VI was clearly consumptive and might well not live long. The next Protestant heir was Princess Elizabeth who was living with Henry VIII’s sixth wife, Catharine Parr. Catharine Parr married Thomas Seymour, who made sexual advances to the young princess even before the death of his wife.