Download Britain’s Air Defences 1939–45 by Alfred Price, Darko Pavlovic PDF

By Alfred Price, Darko Pavlovic

В ходе второй мировой Великобритании пришлось столкнуться с совершенно новой опасностью - воздушными налётами. Так зародились английские ПВО

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Extra resources for Britain’s Air Defences 1939–45

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The UPs were fired in salvoes of 128, on the indications from GL radar, to produce a 'sho tgun ' eflect. After launch each rocket accele rated to about l,OOOmph in 1 Y~ seconds, then coasted on to its maximum engagement altitude of 19,000ft. The 22-pound warhead was fused to explode at a pre-set time after launch. In comba t, the UP p1-ovcd a poor substitute for heavy AA guns. ,sing aircraft. The \'vTapon saw only limited deployment. 31 If night-fighters, gunners, and No. '>) failed to prevent enemy hombers reaching the target area, one further method t'emaincd to make the bombs go astray.

Fay the Luftwaffe attacks became Jess frequent, and in the fo11owing month the reason became clear: Adolf Hitler laund1ed his onslaught on the Smiet L:nion. The bulk of the Luftwaffe bomber force had by then transfen-ed to the Eastern Front to support it. The next two-and-a-half years saw only spasmodic air attacks on Great Britain. Throughout that time the defences improved steadily, and often made raiding forces pay dearly for their incursions. That phase of the bombardment culminated in January 1944 with Operation Steinbock, the final series of manned bomber attacks on London and other cities.

About 85 per cent of those came from ground launchers, the rest were air launched. 957 were brought down short of their target'i. \fanchester. Thus only about a quarter or the ground-launched bombs reached their intended target areas. For ai1--launched missiles the figure was ahout one-tenth. The flying bombs launched against Englmd caused fi, 184 deaths - an average of three for every five bombs fired. A further I i,981 people were ir~jured. The original plan had been to co-ordinate V. l and V2 attacks with large-scale raids by manned bombers during Operation Str~inbock.

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