Download Britain and Its Empire in the Shadow of Rome: The Reception by Sarah J. Butler PDF

By Sarah J. Butler

Drawing on new fundamental resource proof, this quantity evaluates historic Rome's impression on an English highbrow culture from the 1850s to the Twenties as politicians, scientists, economists and social reformers addressed 3 basic debates of the interval - Empire, state, and town. those debates emerged due to political, monetary and social switch either within the Empire and Britain, and coalesced round problems with degeneracy, morality, and group. As principles of political freedom have been subsumed by means of rules of civilization, most sensible preserved via technocratic governance, the political and old specialize in Republican Rome used to be steadily displaced via curiosity within the Imperial interval of the Roman emperors. in addition, because the spectre of the British Empire and country in decline elevated in the direction of the flip of the 19th century, the reception of Imperial Rome itself was once reworked. through the Nineteen Twenties, following the tip of worldwide struggle I, Imperial Rome used to be conjured right into a new framework echoing that of the British Empire and beautiful to the surging nationalistic mood.

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Additional resources for Britain and Its Empire in the Shadow of Rome: The Reception of Rome in Socio-Political Debate from the 1850s to the 1920s

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Furthermore, with trust eroded in the loyalty of imperial subjects and the possibility of further rebellions overseas, previous ideas that so-called inferior races could progress to a civilized state lost ground. This, in turn, caused attitudes to methods of rule of non-white subjects to change. The Jamaican rebellion at Morant Bay in October 1865 was to speed up the change. If the Indian Mutiny challenged the civilizing mission, the rebellion in Jamaica virtually sealed its fate. In November 1865, most likely in response to the revolt in which almost 500 people were killed, many hundreds more wounded and after which Governor John Eyre took ‘severe’ repressive measures,70 a report appeared in the Eastern Counties Herald: We would not say that the negro is incapable of being civilised; but the ease with which he relapses into a state of barbarism forces upon us the conviction that hitherto his moral and intellectual progress has not been such as to justify his claim to rank equal with his Anglo-Saxon brother.

Effectively, Balfour accused Cobden of short-sightedness by concentrating on the commercial value of the Empire while missing out on the disadvantages that would arise from severing ties with overseas territories and by default with their inhabitants. For Balfour, Cobden was a man who in dwelling on the economic was prepared to ignore the cost in human terms. J. R. Seeley’s response to what he also saw as ‘insular thinking’ at home was to publish The Expansion of England (1883). In it he addressed the controversies that arose as a result of the possession of India.

Although not condoning government by force (recommending ‘guidance’ instead) to this, Mill had added a caveat: ‘[b]eing . . 119 Corresponding to this gradual change in attitude towards overseas rule, there had been a shift in attitude to Rome itself. indd 33 8/21/2001 11:26:02 AM 34 Britain and Its Empire in the Shadow of Rome century and in contrast to the Republic, Imperial Rome and its emperors had been perceived in a negative light. Speaking at a meeting in Middlesex in June 1817 called to rally support for petitioning parliament to overturn the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act passed in February after the Spa Fields riots, the politician, Sir Philip Francis, claimed the meeting had been infiltrated by ‘spies and informers’ who were one of the ‘the greatest’ evils that any nation had to deal with.

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