By Alexander N. Sencha, Elena V. Evseeva, Mikhail S. Mogutov, Yury N. Patrunov
This booklet is a perfect guide at the use of contemporary ultrasound within the prognosis of breast pathology. It offers a finished review of present ultrasound options and explains the benefits and pitfalls of varied ultrasound imaging modalities. exact cognizance is dedicated to breast carcinoma, with counsel on differential prognosis and presentation of pre- and postoperative ultrasound appearances. crucial benign breast illnesses also are defined and illustrated. Age-related positive factors, together with these visible in childrens and teens, are conscientiously analyzed, and someone bankruptcy is dedicated to breast abnormalities in males. All points of lymph node appearances are reviewed intimately, with a unique concentrate on the function of ultrasound within the overview of lymph node prestige. Ultrasound-guided breast interventions and imaging of breast implants are mentioned extensive. This updated and richly illustrated publication will curiosity and help experts in ultrasound diagnostics, radiologists, oncologists, and surgeons.
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Extra resources for Breast Ultrasound
In the case of large breast, it is reasonable to carry out the examination with the patient on her back, on the right and left side, and in sitting position with her hands under the head. The probe is positioned perpendicularly to the breast skin. The compression should be limited. While describing the location of pathological process, the breast is conventionally divided into four quadrants: upper(superior)-outer(lateral), upper(superior)-inner(medial), lower(inferior)inner(medial), and lower(inferior)-outer(lateral).
A) Patients position. (b) Position of US probe a b Fig. 2 O’clock positions and quadrants of breasts Technique of Breast Ultrasound 2 Technique of Breast Ultrasound • Nipple area and areola • Blood vessels of the parenchyma (symmetry and intensity of vascularization) B. Changes within the breast • Character of changes (diffuse, focal) • Number of lesions • Location (quadrants, sectors) • Sizes of lesions (three dimensions in mutually perpendicular planes) • Echodensity • Echostructure of lesions • Contours (even/rough, distinct/vague) • Mobility of the lesion, discomfort, and change in shape with compression • Vascularity 25 C.
1985). 29 The lymphatic system is presented by intramammary and abducent lymph ducts and regional lymph nodes, the latter conferring axillary, subclavian, supraclavicular, pectoral, and substernal groups (see Chap. 8). Intramammary lymph ducts form a complex rete with anastomoses and plexuses. , 2009). 2 Types of Ultrasound Picture of the Normal Breast US signs of breast abnormalities are a consequence of certain morphological changes. US image of the normal breast is quite variable and depends, first of all, on the age of the patient and the phase of menstrual cycle in fertile women.