By Peter Edwell
В этой книге изложена подробная история взаимоотношений между Римской империей и её соседом и врагом – Персией, от I в. до н.э до III в. н.э. Автор, используя инновационный метод в рассмотрении региональных отношений, предоставляет большое количество тонких интерпретаций политической ситуации на римском Ближнем Востоке, чтобы продемонстрировать, как Рим утвердился на среднем Евфрате, в Месопотамии и Пальмире, а также усилия Империи по сохранению власти над этими областями.Образцы сканов:
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Extra resources for Between Rome and Persia
Roman power now formally extended across the Euphrates into northern Mesopotamia as far as the upper Tigris. The Euphrates below the Khabur confluence was also under Roman control and experienced a military presence. The territory in between this stretch of the Euphrates and the Tigris was partly controlled by the kingdom of Hatra, but east of the Euphrates and west of the Tigris below Dura lay inhospitable land that probably acted as a natural barrier to troops from either empire. 134 This is particularly important to the history of the region in the first half of the third century AD.
AD200 on the opposite bank. This is reflective of the representation of the Euphrates by Vergil. There is no indication as to where specifically this meeting took place; however, it immediately follows a report of Gaius meeting Tiberius while he was still in self-exile on Rhodes. It presumably took place in the vicinity of Zeugma. Late in the reign of Tiberius, a similar meeting took place between Vitellius and the Parthian king, which is discussed in more detail on p. 16. From the establishment of the province of Syria by Pompey until shortly before the reign of Vespasian (AD 69–79) there is no evidence for a permanent Roman or Parthian military presence on the Euphrates, demonstrating that the Euphrates acted more as a symbolic or notional boundary rather than a practically defended one during this period.
In the years between Septimius Severus’ reorganization of the eastern provinces and events late in the reign of Severus Alexander, the most significant developments relevant to Coele Syria, Osrhoene and Mesopotamia took place in the reign of Septimius Severus’ son Caracalla. 130 The provincial reorganization set in train following the territorial gains of Septimius Severus was for now complete. There were two provinces across the Euphrates and one of them lay on a section of the upper Tigris. 133 The growing Sasanian challenge to the Parthians was developing, which may be reflected in the inability of Artabanus to press his victory in Mesopotamia.