By Carol Garrett Fisher, Scott Fisher, Kathleen L. Scott
Publication through Fisher, Carol Garrett
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Additional info for Art into Life: Collected Papers from the Kresge Art Museum Medieval Symposia
The traditional scriptoria and ateliers were hard pressed to meet the Page 29 demand. Indeed many monastic scriptoria, long dormant, found renewed life in meeting the growing demand for books. This renewal was stimulated, in part, by the ardent conviction of the importance of books and reading, and thus of copying, by the Brethren of the Common Life, the Sisters of the Common Life, the Windesheim Congregation, and others. 40 Spurred on by recent reforms, many ancient Benedictine houses reestablished or expanded their scriptoria.
The ninthcentury ''Plan of St. 22 This was most typical of Benedictine establishments. Another type consisted of small individual writing rooms, each called a scriptoriolum. In the third type of scriptorium, writing took place in cloister alcoves. Some of the alcoves were screened off and made into small chambers called carrells. Depending on the size of the monastery and scriptorium, there might be several scribes, though such distinctions varied with place and time. The librarian, armarius or bibliothecarius, was often in charge of the scriptorium, but the choirmaster, precentor, might also be in charge.
The corrector could then supply the proper reading. In many instances the corrector simply lined through or made dots below the error and supplied the correction interlinearly or marginally. The next stage in book production was rubrication. Rubrication, or lettering in red (rubrica, red earth or red ochre), almost always was used for chapter headings or in more specialized texts such as commentaries, Page 27 Figure 7. Scribe at work. the word or phrase being glossed. In addition, the rubricator might supply colored paragraph marks and highlight capital letters in the body of the text.