By Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull
American Coastal Defences 1885-1950 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ American Coastal Defences 1885-1950 (Fortress forty four) ByTerrance McGovernPublisher:Os Publishing2006 64PagesISBN: 1841769223PDF19 MBA new around of fortification development all started within the usa and its out of the country territories within the late-19th century, which benefited from the most recent know-how and the rise in America's world wide fiscal stature. This publication presents a concise creation to the layout, improvement and function of yankee coastal defenses within the 'modern interval' (1885-1950), a interval outlined via concrete, metal, and strong breech-loading rifles. jam-packed with interval and modern day pictures of the fortifications, and written through a number one professional, it covers the emplacements, weaponry, apparatus, and folks that defended their nation in occasions of serious switch and uncertainty.sharingmatrixletitbit zero
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As commercial power became more common, the artillery came to rely on it, retaining the battery power plant as a backup. I;or years, the batteries were plagued by dampness, injurious to both ammunition and electrical equipment. The engineers learned to design batteries with air passages and ventilation, while modifying older batteries to decrease and control the moisture. In addition, experience had shown that the loading platform, the concrete surface surrounding the gun, did not allow enough room to efficiently ram the projectiles and powder.
Either of their small central-traverse magazines, while different, held much more than ammunition. The battery plotting rooms were in separate bombproof structures, and only the San Diego battery had a small power plant for backup lighting. When the field artillery eventually assumed responsibility for providing heavy artillery for the mobile army, the CAe could devote its mobile artillery strictly to coast defense. This meant getting rid of the pieces that could not effectively engage moving naval targets, and devising methods and eqUipment to employ the remaining mobile weapons as seacoast artillery.
The officer in the battery commander's station is operating an M191 0 azimuth instrument to spot the fall of the shells. Note the 6-pdr RF guns in the background in front of the mine planter. (NARA Still Pictures 111-SC-9802) Two M1897 Sin. guns on SP M1896 at Battery McGrath, Fort Rosecrans, CA. Only 16 emplacements for Sin. guns on balanced-pillar mounts were constructed during the EndicottTaft System. The carriage lowered the gun below the parapet when not in use, but this arrangement was found to be unstable.