By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has develop into the most very important minerals of the final 100 years. to a few it introduced fiscal and political virtue, yet for plenty of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the heritage of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this heritage represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global struggle to its function within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays through students from all over the world, this wide-ranging assortment is a historical past of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new standpoint on a time of change.
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Additional resources for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
14 See, for instance, Lucas Lixinski, “Constitutionalism and the Other: Multiculturalism and Indigeneity on Selected Latin American Countries,” Anuario Iberoamerican de Justicia Constitucional 14 (2010): 235-66. 15 Global value chains encompass the full range of activities required to bring a good or service from conception to disposal, generally carried out in intrafirm networks rather than in arm’s-length markets. , Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2009).
It then took the outbreak of the First World War and the sudden German demand for bauxite to get the business off the ground. In the same year, the Hungarian company was taken over by Count Károly Kornis, a Transylvanian landowner and industrialist. He employed the Hungarian chemist Dr. Ignac Szirmay, who had developed a new method for making alumina. Kornis set up a pilot plant to test Szirmay’s method, but because of disappointing results the tests were stopped in October 1916. In 1917, Kornis managed to get Hungary’s largest commercial bank, Magyar Általános Hitelbank (the Hungarian General Credit Bank), interested in his aluminum scheme.
Nevertheless, as he demonstrates, at the beginning of a new millennium, the incentives for backward integration remain strong, even as the old established companies based in the North face new challenges from the new giant corporations based in the Global South. Notes 1 Denis O’Hearn, “Producing Imperialism Anew: The United States, the United King dom, and Jamaican Bauxite,” in States, Firms and Raw Materials: The World Economy and Ecology of Aluminum, ed. Bradford Barham, Stephen Bunker, and Denis O’Hearn (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994), 162.