By Kevin M. Cleaver
Read or Download A strategy to develop agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and a focus for the World Bank, Volumes 23-203 PDF
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Additional info for A strategy to develop agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and a focus for the World Bank, Volumes 23-203
No discrimination against agriculture in trade policy). Policy reform will not be enough to stimulate the level of private participation necessary. Pro-active policies and efforts to bring in the private sector will be required. The linkage of agriculture to industry through the processing of agricultural products, the supply of farm inputs and the supply of consumer goods to farmers must be largely carried out by the private sector. Direct government investments in these commercial ventures have been almost universally unsuccessful, and are unlikely to succeed now or in the future in the increasingly harsh commercial environment characterizing agricultural markets.
However, governments can support private efforts by including livestock technology in research and as extension messages. One important area that has been neglected by research and extension is small ruminants and backyard poultry. Government can support through technical assistance and appropriate legislation the establishment of livestock associations, associations of pastoralists, and the establishment of private veterinarians. In some cases, lines of credit to these groups, at unsubsidized rates, can help.
Improved government management combined with investment in infrastructure are of highest priority for agriculture in Zaire. Continuing to improve policy and technology transfer are most important in better performing countries such as Kenya, Botswana, Tanzania, and Nigeria. The strategy paper sets out the common elements required for agricultural and rural development in all countries of the continent. This strategy is comprehensive, discussing all of the elements which need to be found in African agricultural strategies.