By Elena Agarossi, Harvey Fergusson II
Drawing on quite often unpublished records, A country Collapses revises the normal realizing of a severe second within the background of worldwide struggle II: the cave in of the Italian fascist regime and Italy's unconditional hand over in September 1943. The publication argues that, in the course of their mystery negotiations ahead of the overthrow of Mussolini in July 1943, either Italy and Britain negotiated in undesirable religion and with loads of duplicity. The ensuing misunderstandings and misjudgments ended in an all at once lengthy and brutal crusade of conquest following Italy's give up.
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Additional info for A Nation Collapses: The Italian Surrender of September 1943
Mussolini maintained the illusion that he could persuade Hitler to make a separate peace with the Soviet Union, which would allow the Germans to concentrate their power in the Mediterranean. Hitler did not do this, but committed himself in the spring to another offensive on the Russian front. Given Mussolini's obvious reluctance to take a position independent of Germany, Ambrosio turned to the king with the same disappointing results, but he never thought of taking the initiative to approach the Anglo-Americans.
80 Although marked by clashes and disagreements among the Allied commanders, the Sicilian operations turned out to be easier than anticipated and the feared Italian resistance did not materialize. On August 17, General Sir Harold Alexander informed Churchill of the end of the Sicilian campaign: Sicily invaded July 10. Messina entered August 16. Island taken in 38 days. Sicily has coastline 600 miles and area 10,000 square miles. Island is heavily fortified with concrete pill-boxes and wire. Axis garrison: Italian, 9 divisions; German, 4 divisions, equalling 13 divisions.
C) Some apprehension was expressed as to the political consequences of entertaining overtures for a separate peace if they should be made by persons who had formerly been prominently associated with Fascist Party and regime. Those sections of public opinion which regarded this war as primarily a war to end Fascism would view with suspicion anything which could be represented as a compromise with Fascist elements. On the other hand it was pointed out that our primary war aim was the destruction of German Nazism and the restoration of the countries whose territories had been over-run.