By John F. Naylor
The debate surrounding the booklet of Richard Crossman's cupboard Diaries (1975) delivered to the fore opposing techniques of 'open' and 'closed' executive inside Britain's unfastened society. whereas a stability has for the instant been struck in regards to the secrecy of cupboard lawsuits, a old query continues to be: by way of what approach, and with what effects, has respectable secrecy come to envelop the practices of contemporary cupboard govt? This publication tackles that key query, drawing upon a uniquely wide variety of reliable and personal papers to envision the ancient improvement of the cupboard place of work, the custodian of cupboard secrecy. validated by means of Lloyd George within the administrative chaos of 1916, the cupboard Secretariat - because it was once first recognized - emerged because the primary organisation for the administration of cupboard company, operating heavily with the major Minister himself. In Sir Maurice Hankey's twenty-two-year time period as cupboard secretary, he presided over the institutionalisation of the Secretariat as an workplace loose from partisan taint and he for my part served all Britain's inter-war top Ministers as confidant and influential consultant.
Read Online or Download A Man and an Institution: Sir Maurice Hankey, the Cabinet Secretariat and the Custody of Cabinet Secrecy PDF
Similar great britain books
You could anticipate Rick Steves to inform you what you really want to grasp while touring in London.
With the self-guided excursions during this ebook, you’ll discover historical gigantic Ben, bustling Trafalgar sq., and the Tower of Londonhome of the crown jewels. the way to keep money and time at the Tube, and the way to prevent the mobs on the altering of the shield. examine London’s world-class museums, the place you could hint Western civilization from the Magna Carta and Shakespeare to Van Gogh and Picasso. enterprise into Soho’s theater district for a glitzy musical or a scrumptious Indian dinner. finish a good day at a local pub, sharing a pint and a talk with a pleasant local.
Rick’s candid, funny recommendation will advisor you to good-value resorts and eating places in pleasant London neighborhoods. You’ll get round via bus and at the Tube, and which points of interest are worthy a while and funds. greater than simply experiences and instructions, a Rick Steves guidebook is a travel advisor on your pocket.
For sheer guts, the Redcoats' behaviour at Bunker Hill, Saratoga and different bloody encounters has infrequently been handed. The american citizens gained, yet basically simply, after which because of international intervention and a small variety of devoted and valiant patriots who have been continuously permit down by means of their very own humans. Robin May's excellent paintings seems on the British military that fought within the American Revolution from 1775 to1783.
Lord Acton (1834-1902) and Richard Simpson (1820-76) have been the critical figures within the Liberal Catholic stream of nineteenth-century England, an eventually unsuccessful attempt to reconcile the Roman Catholic Church with the top secular considered the day. They collaborated in modifying the Rambler (1858-62) and the house and overseas assessment (1862-4), of the main distinct Catholic periodicals of the interval.
Peter Linebaugh, in a unprecedented historic and literary journey de strength, enlists the nameless and scorned nineteenth century loom-breakers of the English midlands into front ranks of a global, polyglot, many-colored staff of commoners resisting dispossession within the sunrise of capitalist modernity.
Extra resources for A Man and an Institution: Sir Maurice Hankey, the Cabinet Secretariat and the Custody of Cabinet Secrecy
M. on the right path so far as possible. '113 However, Hankey took an immediate liking to the man 'despite rather a sly face like LI. '114 Any account of the relationship between the two men, which was professional rather than personal, must recognize that their interests were The origins of the Cabinet Secretariat 29 complementary, Hankey on the military side and Jones on the civil; nor did the Cabinet Secretary ever attempt to deny Jones the latitude which the premier had given him. 115 For his part, Jones observed, with the other Assistant Secretaries, Hankey's insistence that their liaison functions should not interfere with department work:' It is of the utmost importance that the responsibility of the Departments should be in no way weakened or over-ridden by the development of the Secretariat .
May-November 1915] was itself in theory a Cabinet Committee, and held itsfirstmeeting without a Secretary. 153 The origins of the Cabinet Secretariat 35 Hankey attended these committee meetings to take manuscript notes from which decisions were extracted and circulated to the departments, although the right of appeal reserved for Cabinet discussion of contentious matters repeatedly compromised the committees' effectiveness. 154 The value of these records was underscored for Lloyd George when he began to gather documentation for his assault upon Asquith's war leadership.
As a result, Hankey was quite devoid of precedent for the maintenance of formal Cabinet Minutes: the organization of a Cabinet Secretariat represented a radical departure from past practices. Nonetheless, the letters written by the Prime Ministers afford some otherwise unobtainable information about Cabinet proceedings in the years to 1916. Drafted after each Cabinet meeting, these letters often reflect the personal interests of, and immediate pressures upon, each premier - facing other engagements, possibly preoccupied, perhaps even bored by the convention - as he sat at the table round which the Cabinet had recently gathered, to inform the monarch about Cabinet proceedings.