By D. Gareth Evans
This article goals to hide 4 major sector of swap through the twentieth century: the political scene, social adjustments, fiscal advancements and tradition and academic good points. The publication is split into major chronological sections: the 1st half examines the interval from 1900-1945; whereas the second one strains the alterations in Welsh historical past from 1945 to 2000. every one bankruptcy is sub-divided to make analyzing more straightforward.
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Extra resources for A History of Wales 1906-2000 (University of Wales Press - Histories of Wales)
Overall, the post-war outlook seemed bleak: output had declined during the war years; coal stocks were low; exports had become negligible; the workforce was severely reduced; many mines were obsolete and most of the easily worked seams had been exhausted; mechanization was relatively slow in developing; and productivity levels were generally low. The tinplate industry was no better placed. As its export trade was completely abandoned during the war years, production was concentrated and the number of tinplate mills contracted sharply, between 1940 and 1943, with the loss of 14,000 jobs.
During the depression of the 1920s and 1930s the one source of hope for the hard-pressed farmers was the establishment of the Milk Marketing Board in 1933. 4 per cent from 1934 to 1939, and by a further 47 per cent in the years to 1947. One implication of this was that traditional livestock rearing and butter production declined. In the 1930s sales of crops were negligible compared with those of livestock and its products, which accounted for around 95 per cent of the total income of the Welsh farmer.
The revivalist movement associated with Evan Roberts attracted thousands of new members to the denominations. As early as 1903 the Calvinistic Methodists of south Cardiganshire, under the direction of two local ministers, Joseph Jenkins and John Thickens, had appealed for a new awakening, similar to that of 1859. By 1904 the revival was under way, and Evan Roberts, a ministerial student, had become the instrument by which this religious impulse spread to the occasional adherents and to those who had completely forsaken their religious affiliations.