By Thomas Hennessey
Based upon the partition of eire in 1920, Northern eire skilled fifty years of anxious peace lower than the rule of thumb of a devolved executive in Belfast. This govt, consultant purely of the bulk Protestant unionist neighborhood, held enterprise till the emergence of the Nationalist Civil Rights stream within the past due Nineteen Sixties, following which the province quickly subsided into the civil unrest widely recognized as 'the Troubles'. the nice worth of this ebook is that it presents an summary of occasions because the outbreak of the concerns as much as and together with the current doubtful peace strategy. It brings a modern point of view to historic occasions, taking account of the scholarship which has constructed in Northen eire stories during the last two decades. different books via Thomas Hennessey The Northern eire Peace strategy.
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Additional info for A History of Northern Ireland 1920-1996
Claims for compensation arising from malicious injuries totalled £794,678 in May and £760,018 in June 1922, compared with £252,578 for April. There was also an increase in intimidation and murder, with ninety murders in Belfast alone during May-although not all by the IRA-including that of the Unionist MP W. J. Twaddell, with no offenders caught. Following the final transfer of security powers to Belfast on 22 May 1922, the Northern Ireland Government proscribed the IRA and related organisations and introduced internment of terrorist suspects.
M. m. m. In Belfast, 778 B Specials were mobilised for full-time duty; in County Down and County Fermanagh the figures were 820 and 1,060, respectively. 87 The Special Powers Act (as it is generally called) and the transfer of Field-Marshal Sir Henry Wilson-soon to be assassinated by the IRA in London-from his post as Chief of the Imperial General Staff to advise the Northern Ireland Government on security matters signalled the introduction of the new security policy. ' The Act amounted to the civil equivalent of the statutory imposition of martiallaw.
In the western part of Northern Ireland the IRA's 2nd Northern Division, and in Armagh the 4th Northern Division, suffered a similar fate. On 9 July 1922 Northern IRA officers met Michael Collins and other members of the GHQ Staff in Dublin and agreed to call off the Northern campaign. ~ The intensifying Civil War was to be confined to the Twenty-Six Counties. Only one complete division, the 4th Northern Division under Frank Aiken, took the anti-Treaty side; apart from individuals, the other divisions continued to take their orders from GHQ in Dublin.