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By John Hostettler

This fresh paintings charts the entire major advancements of felony justice in England, from the genesis of Anglo-Saxon 'dooms' to the typical legislations; struggles for political, legislative, and judicial ascendency; and the formation of the modern day felony Justice method and Ministry of Justice. among a wealth of themes, the e-book appears on the Rule of legislation, the improvement of the legal courts, police forces, the jury, justices of the peace, and person crimes and punishments. It locates the entire iconic occasions of felony historical past and legislation and order inside of a much broader historical past and context in a fashion that emphasizes the subject's wealth and intensity. Contents comprise: Origins of felony Justice in Anglo-Saxon England • Saxon Dooms — Our Early legislation • The Norman impact and The Angevin Legacy • felony legislation in Medieval and Early smooth England • the typical legislation at risk • The Commonwealth • The Whig Supremacy and Adversary Trial • The Jury within the Eighteenth Century • Punishment and Prisons • 19th Century Crime and Policing • Victorian photographs • A Century of felony legislations Reform • felony incapability • A Revolution in approach • Early 20th Century • development after global conflict II • Twenty-First Century Regression? • the arrival of Restorative Justice • end • choose Bibliography

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Green. ’ In J. S. Cockburn and T. A. ) Twelve Good Men and True: The Criminal Trial Jury in England, 1200-1800. New Jersey. Princeton University Press. p. 359. The Norman Influence and the Angevin Legacy 47 with the king as the symbolic victim who had to be revenged. ’20 This was soon extended to include other crimes but at the time the only felonies were rape, larceny, homicide, robbery, burglary and arson. Apart from increasing Crown revenues, the reason for the change to revenge for the king appears to have been that if the government wanted criminals to be prosecuted it had to do so itself.

364. 46 A History of Criminal Justice however. In reality, large numbers of criminals escaped punishment, and the ‘merciful mitigation’ blunted any desire there might be to reform the otherwise harsh criminal law where death was the penalty for all felonies. Benefit could not be claimed by women, except nuns, until 169316 and, since it commuted hanging, it did not apply to treason, where the penalty was more severe, or to misdemeanours, where it was more lenient. PLEAS OF THE CROWN In regard to Henry’s laws it is necessary to bear in mind that the kingdom was troubled by extreme violence and he was concerned to protect men’s property and their lives.

7 When the ‘nineteen long winters of discontent’, when men said ‘Christ and his saints slept’, was approaching its end in 1153, Archbishop Theobald managed to bring together the supporters of both Stephen and Maud and it was agreed that Stephen should be king for the rest of his life, but that Maud’s son, Henry should succeed him. Stephen died the following year. KING HENRY II (1154-1189) Henry II and his successors are commonly known as the Angevin kings because they were descended from Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, who was Henry’s father.

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