By G. Grove
This can be a reissue of the 1st variation of George Grove's Dictionary of song and Musicians, which has considering that advanced to turn into the most important and such a lot authoritative paintings of its sort in English. The venture grew within the making: the name web page of quantity 1 (1879) refers to 'two volumes', yet by the point quantity four seemed in 1889 there has been additionally a 300-page appendix and a separate index quantity. The dictionary used to be a global project, with individuals from Paris, Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna and Boston along these established in Britain. It used to be 'intended to provide an outstanding and lengthy stated wish' bobbing up from the elevated curiosity in all facets of song, which was once 'rapidly changing into an important department of education', and to cater for the pro whereas being obtainable to the beginner. it's a attention-grabbing rfile of musical tastes and values within the overdue Victorian interval.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Music and Musicians (A.D. 1450-1880) (Volume 1)
These keys open valves admitting the wind to metal reeds, the latter being so arranged that each key sounds two notes, the one in expanding, the other in compressing the bellows. The right hand is placed over the key-board, while the left works the bellows, on the lower side of which are usually to be found two keys which admit wind to other reeds furnishing a simple harmony •—mostly the chords of the tonic and dominant. It will be seen that the capabilities of the instrument are extremely limited, as it can only be played in one key, and even in that one imperfectly; it is, in fact, but little more than a toy.
F. ] ADAMBERGER, VALENTIN. Singer, born at Munich July 6, 1743. Remarkable for his splendid tenor voice and admirable method. He was taught singing by Valesi, and at his instance went to Italy, where he met with great success under the Italianised name of Adamonti. He was recalled to Vienna by the Emperor Joseph, and made his first appearance in German opera at the Hof-und-National-Theater there on Aug. 21, 1780. In the interim however he had visited London, where he sang in Sacchini's 'Creso' at the King's Theatre in 1777- I n 11^9 n e entered the Imperial Chapel.
F. ] ACCIDENTALS. The signs of chromatic ation used in Rome, thus. alteration, employed in music to show that the notes to which they are applied have to be raised or lowered a semitone or a tone. They are five in number, the sharp (t) (Fr. dihe, Ger. Kreuz) and double sharp ( x ) (Fr. doubk-die'se, Ger. o - ru - ti - o nun -sM] ; (4) The accent of ACCIDENTALS. ACCIDENTALS. 19 Doppelkreuz), which being placed before a note music, and they have in course of time come to be raise it respectively a semitone or a tone; the applied to all the other notes.